Would You Consider "Watchmen" a Flop?

I personally liked the film, it was flawed though. The film was all Watchmen fans ever wanted. The film is a treat for action film fanatics.

What else can i say, people who like to watch comedies and Oscar bait films would not enjoy it. The source material is very graphic, extreme violence, profanity, and nudity throughout, also three graphic sex scenes. Big surprise that the R rated film was the same way, good film, not made for CRITICS!

it was made for fans, 55 Mil aint' bad. .. but it's not amazing either.

We can not consider it a flop until it drops at least 70% at the Box Office, if it does not , its not a flop

1. Was McCain's flip-flop on AIG another indication he isn't in touch with the issues?

McCAIN NAME IS FLIPPER....GO FLIPPER

2.

What Are Bollywood And South Indian Actor Prabhu Deva's Hit and Flop Movies in Box Office Analysis?

Prabhu Deva is one of the Most Popular Indian Dancer, Actor, Director and Producer. Actor Prabhu Deva Hit And Flop Movies List With Box Office Collection Analysis Prabhu Deva movies Pon Manickavel Devi Urumi Vaanathaippola Kaathala Kaathala Minsaara Kanavu Prabhu Deva Blockbuster Movies Prabhu Deva Box Office CollectionTo Know About Prabhu Deva All Movies List With Hit And Flop Movies List With Box Office Collection Analysis Cjeck This VideoPower star Prabhu Deva is one of the talented actor, dance choreographer, director, of Telugu, Tamil, Hindi, malayalam film industry .

Actor Prabhu Deva Hit And Flop Movies List With Box Office Collection Analysis1. Indhu (1994)2. Kadhalan (1994)3.

Raasaiyya (1995). 4. Love Birds ).

5. Mr. Romeo (1996).

6. Minsaara Kanavu (1997). 7.

V. I. P (1997).

8. Naam Iruvar Namakku Iruvar9. Lovestory 199910.

Kaathala Kaathala11. Time12. Suyamvaram13.

Vaanathaippola14. Pennin Manathai Thottu15. Doubles16.

Ullam Kollai Poguthae17. Alli Thandha VaanamActor Prabhu Deva Hit And Flop Movies List With Box Office Collection Analysis18. Manadhai Thirudivittai19.

Charlie ChaplinActor Prabhu Deva Hit And Flop Movies List With Box Office Collection Analysis20. Santosham21. 123 (2002).Actor Prabhu Deva Hit And Flop Movies List With Box Office Collection Analysis22.

Agni Varsha23. Thotti Gang(2002)Actor Prabhu Deva Hit And Flop Movies List With Box Office Collection Analysis24. Kalyana Ramudu25.

Alaudin(2003)26. Oka Radha Iddaru Krishnula Pelli(2003)27. Engal Anna2004 Tamil comedy-drama film directed by Siddique.

The film stars Vijayakanth, Prabhu Deva, Namitha,28. Movie Name: Tapana(2004) Genre : romantic-drama.2004 Telugu romantic-drama filmIt stars Prabhu Deva, Siddhu, Maahi29. Intlo Srimathi Veedhilo Kumari2004 Telugu comedy film directed by K.

Vasu.It stars Srikanth, Prabhu Deva and Aarti ChhabriaActor Prabhu Deva Hit And Flop Movies List With Box Office Collection Analysis30. Style (2006 film)2006 Telugu musical dance film directed by Raghava Lawrence. the film starred Prabhu Deva, Raghava Lawrence, Kamalinee Mukherjee31.

Michael Madana Kamaraju(2008)2008 Telugu comedy-drama filmIt stars Srikanth, Prabhu Deva in the lead roles.32. Urumi (2011)2011 Malayalam period action film directed by Santosh Sivan. It stars Prithviraj Sukumaran, Prabhu Deva, Genelia D'Souza,Actor Prabhu Deva Hit And Flop Movies List With Box Office Collection Analysis33.

ABCD2013 hindi dance drama film directed Remo D'SouzaThe film stars Prabhu Deva, Kay Kay Menon in lead roles.34. ABCD 2 (2015)2015 hindi dance drama film directed by Remo D'SouzaThe film stars Prabhu Deva, Varun Dhawan, Shraddha Kapoor,35. Devi (2016 film)2016 Tamil comedy horror film directed by A.

L. Vijay.It features Prabhu Deva, Tamannaah,36. Kalavaadiya Pozhuthugal2017 Tamil romantic drama film directed by Thangar Bachan.It stars Prabhu Deva and Bhumika Chawla in the lead rolesActor Prabhu Deva Hit And Flop Movies List With Box Office Collection Analysis37.

Gulaebaghavali (2018)2018 action comedy film directed by KalyaanThe film features Prabhu Deva and Hansika Motwani in the leading roles38. Mercury2018 horror thriller film directed by Karthik Subbaraj.including Prabhu Deva, Sananth Reddy,39. Lakshmi (2018 film)2018 musical dance film directed by A.

L. Vijay. The film stars Ditya Bhande , Prabhu Deva and Aishwarya Rajesh in the lead roles40.

Charlie Chaplin 2 (2019)2019 comedy film directed by Shakthi Chidambaram.The film stars Prabhu Deva, Nikki GalraniActor Prabhu Deva Hit And Flop Movies List With Box Office Collection Analysis41. Devi 2(2019)2019 comedy horror film directed by A. L.

Vijay.The film features Prabhu Deva and Tamannaah42. Khamoshi (2019 film)2019 Hindi film directed by Chakri Toleti43. Street Dancer 3D2020 ka dance film directed by Remo D'Souza,Starring Varun Dhawan, Shraddha Kapoor, Nora Fatehi, and Prabhu Deva in the lead roles.44.

Pon Manickavel (2020).2020 Tamil action thriller film directed by Mugil ChellappanThe film stars Prabhu Deva and Nivetha Pethuraj in lead roles.Watch The Full Video Here45. Yung Mung SungComedy . Director: M.S.

ArjunStars: Prabhu Deva, Lakshmi Menon

3. If we, as black people, are so athletic according to the American stereotype, then why we flop at the Olympics?

this is not due to athleteiscm but the fact that most olympic sports genrally require more advance facilities which black people are not allowed to use

deck post solar light caps related knowledge:
  • Best Solar Flood Lights for 2020 [for - Led Light Guides of Best Solar Flood Lights 2020

    Lighting time: Auto time lighting for 12hours in the night / But can not last full time 100% brightness Battery life: 1 - 2 years of life span with Second-hand battery. Price: $20-$40 for different type ( Factory price) / $60-$120 ( Amazon price) Application: Special for retail market / Private use. Advantages of this design: 2020 new design, better luminous efficacy, better waterproof.

    David Willis June 23, 2020 March 25, 2021. June 23, 2020 March 25, 2021 3 . ... The best solar flood lights offer you a sense of security in your home and... Load more posts. Photography. ... LED Light Guides has grown to become the leading LED lighting ...

    sep 19, 2020 now, solar power to light up cst annexe building |. easy installation solar electric light fund | the borgen project energy saving good uniformity. uv stabilized solar lamp for lawn plaques - nepc ltd, automatic solar street light. high lumens solar panel street lamps with battery intelligent control function. round solar based led street lights high performance for urban

    May 02, 2021· I like the brighter light output of the Lemontec solar lights. The light has 62 big LED lights that can produce 2000 lumens. This solar light is brighter compared to the other brands out in the market. This is perfect for the bright and flawless illumination that you are looking for your outdoors. The Lemontec solar lights are automatic.

    Best Solar Powered Dusk to Dawn Lights in 2021

    Mar 08, 2020· All 10 best outdoor dusk to dawn solar lights explained below are longer lasting than traditional LED lights. They are also more cost-effective, user-friendly, and low maintenance. Among them, we prefer LEONLITE LED Dusk to Dawn Barn Light the most. This solar light is a reliable and safe unit, ensuring up to 50,000 hours of lifespan. It ...

    Universal Powerful Solar Flood Light Double LED Head with Remote Control is a high-quality weather resistant outdoor product.The lamp is equipped with various Lighting and operation modes including Energy-saving DIM with adjustable brightness to prolong the new generation LiFePo4 Battery life up to 24h, maintenance-free Automatic light control system with additional Remote Control.

    1pc 100 led security light motion sensor wall lamp solar street light 100w in ikeja - solar energy, chesspro waterproof outdoor night lighting 270 degrees. details. free shipping. 123. starting at $26.93. 42. 2/4/8 pack 20 led solar outdoor wall lighting, motion sensor, 6500k . details. free shipping ip65 waterproof motion sensor lights outdoor with 3 lighting modes. details

    Jan 02, 2021· Poor floor light; 11. LITOM LED Security Solar Lights. Litom solar light comes in a pack of two. It has wide coverage and the lights are super bright. It is built with a smart PIR motion sensor, which can detect the movement of objects up to 26 feet with 120 angles of detections. it is also waterproof, which leads to an increase in durability.

    12 best solar flood lights reviewed and rated in 2020 . find led security & flood lights at lowe's today. shop security & flood lights and a variety of lighting & ceiling fans products online at lowes .. all pro 180 degree 650 lumen bronze solar led motion activated flood light with timer. item #727667. model #msled600 .. ever brite ultra 100 degree 320 lumen black solar led motion activated

    The Best Solar Flood Lights with Remote Control for Outdoor Use. With that out of the way, let's now go on to our choices for the best solar flood lights 2020. We have three picks for you here: 1. YiaMia Solar Flood Lights

    zhongshan sunwe led lighting co., ltd., experts in manufacturing and exporting lamp and 951 more products. solar battery powered system pole lamp 100w 300w 400w pir motion sensor solar alarm light waterproof outdoor. new design sunwe post parking yard garden solar lighting 20w 25w 30w 40w color solar garden light.

    Now, for the moment that we've all been waiting for: your guide to buying the best solar wall lights and flood lights. One of the most important parts of a solar floodlight is the solar panel that powers it. Collecting solar energy, this panel converts it into battery power, keeping your floodlight on ...

    2021 Best LED Stadium Lights Buyer's Guide (Newest) The LED stadium lights fixtures are the most basic need of stadiums and arenas in today's world. The LED stadium lights can provide Nauruellent lighting experience in places like stadiums, parking lots and walkways.

    Best Solar Flood Lights for 2020 [For ... - LED Light Guides

    Aug 16, 2020· Best Outdoor Solar Flood Lights Reviews. The current most popular choice for outdoor lighting is that of solar-powered LED flood light. Solar powered flood lights can cover very large areas and are surprisingly effective, as well as affordable.. By turning sunlight into electricity, there is no additional cost of electricity from the grid as it all comes from the solar ...

    May 11, 2021· The ZOOKKI Solar Lights Outdoor ZK-SL-101 takes the cake as one of the brightest solar flood lights out there. It is equipped with 28 bright LEDs with seamless adjustable settings; rain-, heat-, & snow-resistant cover, amazing brightness, and higher photovoltaic efficiency than any other poly-silicone solar panels.

    Amazon Check Price. The CLY 60 LED solar flood lights have the ideal execution that you require for your nursery or yard. This model highlights 60 super-brilliant LEDs that can give a 300-lumen rating - all that anyone could need to illuminate any territory around evening time. The extraordinary preferred position of this item is the light dabs produce a delicate gleam.

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deck post solar light caps related q&a:
  • Buying Guide | Siedinlar Solar Post Lights Outdoor Fence Deck Cap Light Sol...

    As an Amazon Associate we earn a fee from qualifying purchases when you follow a link to Amazon from this page. We rank the products, but the links to Amazon are promotional. [Easy To Use]First Time Using, (Make Sure To Turn On The Switch) And Install Them According To The Instructions.

    Fix Them With The Screws Inside. Solar Deck Post Lights Are Charged In The Daytime For 6-8 Hours Under The Sun, And Will Turn On For 8-10 Hours In The Nighttime Automatically.. [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us.1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer..

    [Ip65 Waterproof]Solar Post Cap Lights Can Work For Over 30000 Hours In Very Bright Light. They Are Made Of Anti-Corrosion Metals. So Unlike Plastics Or Resins, They Wo not Be Deformed.

    The Battery Holder Is Sealed With Waterproof Glue. You Can Rest Assure To Use, In Any Outdoor Environments.. [Diy Installation]You Can Forego Using The Base At All And Put The Top Section Directly On The Post.

    Our Post Cap Lights Will Fit Post Between 3.5 To 5.1 Inches. You Can Install Them On Wooden Piles Or Fences. And Any Outdoor Location You Like..

    [Applicable Size]Our Solar Post Cap Lights Are Equipped With 3 Different Sizes Of Bases, Which Are Compatible With 4X4, 5X5, 6X6 Inch Wooden Posts. This Makes It A Versatile Option For Homeowners Expecting To Put A Cap Light On Multiple Pillars, It Is Perfect For Posts, Decks, Patios, Fences. You May Also Choose To Mount It On Outdoor Tables And Other Flat Surfaces..

    [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us. 1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer Service.. [Ip44 Waterproof]Solar Fence Post Light Has An Ip44 Waterproof Rating And Is Made Of Tough Abs.

    It Will Withstand Harsh Heat, Heavy Downpour, And Snow. You Can Rest Assure To Use, In Any Outdoor Environments.. [Easy To Use]Install Them According To The Instructions, Fix The Base By Supplied Screws On The Wooden Post.

    Solar Powered Post Lights Are Charged In The Daytime For 6-8 Hours Under The Sun, And Will Turn On For 10-12 Hours In The Nighttime Automatically.. [Solar Powered]The Solar Fence Post Lights Are Charged For 6-8 Hours In The Sun And Automatically Turn On For 8-10 Hours At Night. It Is Perfect For The Post, Mailbox, Fence, Deck, Patio, Dock, Etc.

    You May Also Choose To Mount It On Outdoor Tables And Other Flat Surfaces.. [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us.1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer.. [Ip44 Waterproof]It Also Has A Durable Abs Frame Which Allows It To Withstand Every Kind Of Weather Condition.

    Besides, The Light Has Incredible Aesthetics That Are Environmental-Friendly And Cost-Effective.. [ High-Quality Pebbled Glass]Our Solar Post Lights Are Equipped With 3 Different Sizes Of Bases. They Can Be Easily Installed On Any Standard 4X4, 5X5, 6X6 Inch Wooden Posts.

    The Pebbled Glass Will Retain Its Color And Beauty For Years To Come.. [Diy Installation]You Can Forego Using The Base At All And Put The Top Section Directly On The Post. Our Post Cap Lights Will Fit Post Between 3.5 To 5.1 Inches.

    You Can Install Them On Wooden Piles Or Fences. And Any Outdoor Location You Like.. [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us.1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer.

    [Ip65 Waterproof]Solar Post Cap Lights Can Work For Over 30000 Hours In Very Bright Light. They Are Made Of Anti-Corrosion Metals. So Unlike Plastics Or Resins, They Wo not Be Deformed.

    The Battery Holder Is Sealed With Waterproof Glue. You Can Rest Assure To Use, In Any Outdoor Environments.. [Easy To Use]First Time Using, (Make Sure To Turn On The Switch) And Install Them According To The Instructions.

    Fix Them With The Screws Inside. Solar Deck Post Lights Are Charged In The Daytime For 6-8 Hours Under The Sun, And Will Turn On For 8-10 Hours In The Nighttime Automatically.. [Quality Glass]This Siedinlar Solar Fence Post Light Is Made Of A High Quality Glass With A Black Powder Coated Finish, Making It A Great Combination Of Style And Durability, Giving Your Fence A Unique Touch That Catches Attention..

    [Note]They Are Not Fit For Pvc And Vinyl Posts. If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us. 1-Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer..

    [Ip44 Waterproof]Our Siedinlar Solar Deck Post Caps Light Are Made From A Uv-Resistant, High-Impact Glass, It Will Withstand Harsh Heat, Heavy Downpour, And Snow. These Post Caps Protect Your Posts From Rain And Sun To Prevent Premature Rotting!.

    [Easy To Use]Our Fence Post Solar Lights Are Equipped With 3 Different Sizes Of Bases, Which Can Completely Cover 4X4, 5X5, 6X6 Inches Of Wooden Posts. They Have Two Installation Methods, The Base Can Be Attached To The Side Or Top Of The Posts.. [Quality Glass]This Siedinlar Solar Fence Post Light Is Made Of High-Quality Glass With A Black Powder-Coated Finish, Making It A Great Combination Of Style And Durability, Giving Your Fence A Unique Touch That Catches Attention..

    [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us. 1-Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer Service.. [Solar Powered]This Post Cap Light Produced 15 Lumens Of Brightness With A Wide Beam Angle.

    Also, It Turns On And Off Automatically At Sunset And At Sunrise, Making It A Perfect Option To Light Up Your Patio, Porches, Fences, Decks, And More.. [Two Color Modes]The Siedinlar Solar Post Light Has Two Modes (Warm White & Cool White).. [Easy To Use]Secure Them With The Screws Provided.

    Solar Deck Post Lights Are Charged In The Daytime For 6-8 Hours Under The Sun, And Will Turn On For 8-10 Hours In The Nighttime Automatically.. [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us.1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer.. [Ip65 Waterproof]Metal Fence Post Caps Light Wo not Deteriorate Or Warp Like Wood, Plastic Or Resin Will.

    Protects Your Post Tops From Rain And Sun To Prevent Premature Rotting!. [Diy Installation]Will Fit Over A Standard 3.5"X3.5" Wooden Post.

    You Can Install Them On Wooden Piles Or Fences. And Any Outdoor Location You Like.. [Glass Post Light]The 4 Leds Bulb In Each Cap Can Stay Lit For Up To 8-12 Hours, And The Pebbled Glass Will Retain Its Color And Beauty For Years To Come.

    Light Easily Mounts On Top Of Any Standard 4X4, 5X5, 6X6, Inch Wooden Post.. [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us. 1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer Service..

    [Solar Powered]This Post Cap Light Produced 15 Lumens Of Brightness With A Wide Beam Angle. Also, It Turns On And Off Automatically At Sunset And At Sunrise, Making It A Perfect Option To Light Up Your Patio, Porches, Fences, Decks And More.. [Two Color Modes]The Siedinlar Solar Post Light Has Two Modes (Warm White & Cool White).

    It Is Equipped With 4 Led Lamp Beads. Additionally, Led Post Light Combines Stylistic Details With Sleek, Modern Lines And May Coordinate Well With All Different Styles Of Decoration.. [Glass Post Light]The 4 Leds Bulb In Each Cap Can Stay Lit For Up To 8-12 Hours, And The Pebbled Glass Will Retain Its Color And Beauty For Years To Come.

    Light Easily Mounts On Top Of Any Standard 4X4, 5X5, 6X6, Inch Wooden Post.. [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us.1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer. [Solar Powered]This Post Cap Light Produced 15 Lumens Of Brightness With A Wide Beam Angle.

    Also, It Turns On And Off Automatically At Sunset And At Sunrise, Making It A Perfect Option To Light Up Your Patio, Porches, Fences, Decks And More.. [Metal Post Light] Siedinlar Solar Post Light Are Of High Transmittance. They Have Beautiful Metal Lamp Shades And Unique Decorative Patterns.

    The Light Can Be Distributed Averagely. The 3000K Warm White Light Can Make A Very Romantic Atmosphere.. [Easy To Use]First Time Using, (Make Sure To Turn On The Switch) And Install Them According To The Instructions.

    Fix Them With The Screws Inside. Solar Deck Post Lights Are Charged In The Daytime For 6-8 Hours Under The Sun, And Will Turn On For 8-10 Hours In The Nighttime Automatically.. [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us.1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer.

    [Ip65 Waterproof]Solar Post Cap Lights Can Work For Over 30000 Hours In Very Bright Light. They Are Made Of Anti-Corrosion Metals. So Unlike Plastics Or Resins, They Wo not Be Deformed.

    The Battery Holder Is Sealed With Waterproof Glue. You Can Rest Assure To Use, In Any Outdoor Environments.. [Diy Installation]Dimensions: 6.22"(L) X 6.22"(W) X 3.54"(H).

    Our Post Cap Lights Will Fit Post Between 4.0 To 5.1 Inches. Included Stainless Steel Screws Go Vertically Through The Base Of The Fixture And Into The Top Of The Post. You Can Install Them On Wooden Piles Or Fences.

    And Any Outdoor Location You Like.. [Metal Post Light]Siedinlar Solar Post Lights Are Made With Rugged, Maintenance-Free Powder Coated Cast Metal Housing. They Have Beautiful Metal Lamp Shades And Unique Decorative Patterns.

    The Light Can Be Distributed Averagely.. [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us.1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer. [Solar Powered]It Turns On And Off Automatically At Sunset And At Sunrise, Making It A Perfect Option To Light Up Your Patio, Porches, Docks, Fences, Decks And More..

    [Two Color Modes]The Siedinlar Solar Post Light Has Two Modes (Warm White & Cool White). It Is Equipped With 4 Led Lamp Beads. Additionally, Led Post Light Combines Stylistic Details With Sleek, Modern Lines And May Coordinate Well With All Different Styles Of Decoration..

    [Easy To Use] Solar Deck Post Lights Are Charged In The Daytime For 6-8 Hours Under The Sun, And Will Turn On For 8-10 Hours In The Nighttime Automatically.. [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us.1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer.. [Ip65 Waterproof]They Are Made Of Anti-Corrosion Metals.

    So Unlike Plastics Or Resins, They Wo not Be Deformed. The Battery Holder Is Sealed With Waterproof Glue. You Can Rest Assure To Use, In Any Outdoor Environments..

    [Diy Installation]You Can Install Them On Wooden Piles Or Fences. And Any Outdoor Location You Like.. [Glass Post Light]The 4 Leds Bulb In Each Cap Can Stay Lit For Up To 8-12 Hours, And The Pebbled Glass Will Retain Its Color And Beauty For Years To Come.

    Light Easily Mounts On Top Of Any Standard 4X4, 5X5, 6X6, Inch Wooden Post.. [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us.1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer. [Solar Powered]It Turns On And Off Automatically At Sunset And At Sunrise, Making It A Perfect Option To Light Up Your Patio, Porches, Docks, Fences, Decks And More..

    [Metal Deck Light]Solar Deck Lights Resistance To Pressure (Up To 20 Tons) . It Will Not Be Damaged Even The Car Or Truck Run Over It. It Can Prevent The Accidence.

    Can Be Used For Deck, Dock, Path, Driveway, Garden, Sidewalk, Step, Stairs, Etc.. [Metal Post Light] Siedinlar Solar Post Light Are Of High Transmittance. They Have Beautiful Metal Lamp Shades And Unique Decorative Patterns.

    The Light Can Be Distributed Averagely. The 3000K Warm White Light Can Make A Very Romantic Atmosphere.. [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us.1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer.

    [Solar Powered]It Turns On And Off Automatically At Sunset And At Sunrise, Making It A Perfect Option To Light Up Your Patio, Porches, Docks, Fences, Decks And More.. [Two Color Modes]The Siedinlar Solar Post Light Has Two Modes (Warm White & Cool White). It Is Equipped With 4 Led Lamp Beads.

    Additionally, Led Post Light Combines Stylistic Details With Sleek, Modern Lines And May Coordinate Well With All Different Styles Of Decoration.. [Two Color Modes]The Siedinlar Solar Post Light Has Two Modes (Warm White & Cool White). It Is Equipped With 4 Led Lamp Beads.

    Additionally, Led Post Light Combines Stylistic Details With Sleek, Modern Lines And May Coordinate Well With All Different Styles Of Decoration.. [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us. 1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer Service..

    [Auto-On Sensor]Dusk To Dawn Sensor To Keep Light Off During The Day While Charging And Automatically Triggers At Night For Hours Of Illumination.. [Resistance To Pressure]Solar Deck Lights Resistance To Pressure (Up To 20 Tons) . It Will Not Be Damaged Even The Car Or Truck Run Over It.

    It Can Prevent The Accidence. Can Be Used For Deck, Dock, Path, Driveway, Garden, Sidewalk, Step, Stairs, Etc.. [Metal Post Light] Siedinlar Solar Post Light Are Of High Transmittance.

    They Have Beautiful Metal Lamp Shades And Unique Decorative Patterns. The Light Can Be Distributed Averagely. The 3000K Warm White Light Can Make A Very Romantic Atmosphere..

    [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us. 1 Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer Service.. [Auto-On Sensor]Dusk To Dawn Sensor To Keep Light Off During The Day While Charging And Automatically Triggers At Night For Hours Of Illumination..

    [Metal Deck Light]Solar Deck Lights Resistance To Pressure (Up To 20 Tons) . It Will Not Be Damaged Even The Car Or Truck Run Over It. It Can Prevent The Accidence.

    Can Be Used For Deck, Dock, Path, Driveway, Garden, Sidewalk, Step, Stairs, Etc.. [Two Color Modes]The Upgraded Siedinlar Solar Post Cap Light Has 8 Leds, They Have 15 Lumens And Two Modes (Warm White & Cool White). You Can Switch According To Your Preference To Beautify Your Fence, Deck, Porch, Pillar, Mailbox Or Dock, Etc..

    [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Post Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us. 1-Year Warranty And 24 Hours Customer. [Solar Powered]It Turns On And Off Automatically At Sunset And At Sunrise, Making It A Perfect Option To Light Up Your Patio, Porches, Docks, Fences, Decks And More..

    [Metal Deck Light]Solar Deck Lights Resistance To Pressure (Up To 20 Tons). It Will Not Be Damaged Even The Car Or Truck Runs Over It. It Can Prevent Accidence.

    Can Be Used For Deck, Dock, Path, Driveway, Garden, Sidewalk, Step, Stairs, Etc.. [Easy To Use]First Time Using, (Make Sure To Turn On The Switch) Solar Deck Lights Are Charged In The Daytime For 6- 8 Hours Under The Sun, And Will Turn On For 12-15 Hours In The Nighttime Automatically. It Can Be Mounted With The Provide Screws..

    [Note]Please Make Sure The Sun Light Can Be Directly On The Solar Panel At Least 3~5 Hours To Fully Charge The Battery In Side. If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Deck Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us. 1 Year Warranty And 24H Customer Service..

    [Ip68 Waterproof]With Ip68 Waterproof Against Any Types Of Terrible Weather Like A Rainstorm, Blizzard Or Daily Heat In A Long Time.Aluminium Materials Ensure The Light Can Be Used In All Kinds Of Outdoor Conditions.. [Resistance To Pressure]Solar Deck Lights Resistance To Pressure (Up To 20 Tons) . It Will Not Be Damaged Even The Car Or Truck Run Over It.

    It Can Prevent The Accidence. Can Be Used For Deck, Dock, Path, Driveway, Garden, Sidewalk, Step, Stairs, Etc.. [Ip68 Waterproof]With Ip68 Waterproof Against Any Types Of Terrible Weather Like A Rainstorm, Blizzard Or Daily Heat In A Long Time.

    Aluminum Materials Ensure The Light Can Be Used In All Kinds Of Outdoor Conditions.. [Note]If There Is Any Problem With The Siedinlar Solar Deck Light, Please Feel Free To Contact Us. 1 Year Warranty And 24H Customer Service..

    [Resistance To Pressure]Solar Driveway Lights Resistance To Pressure Up To 20 Tons. The Upgraded Solar Panel Allows For More Effective Sunlight Absorbing. Only 5 Hours Of Charging Can Provide Bright Light At Night And Last For 15 Hours..

    [Two Way Setup]These Solar Dock Lights Are Easy To Install, You Can Switch The Lighting Mode By Pressing The Power Button, Can Be Setup Virtually Anywhere Using The Included Mounting Screws And Ground Stakes. Add Safety And Beauty To Your Outdoor Driveway, Deck, Dock, Lawn, Step, Pathway, Walkway, Post, Garden And More.. [Resistance To Pressure]Solar Dock Lights Resistance To Pressure (Up To 20 Tons) .

    It Will Not Be Damaged Even The Car Or Truck Run Over It. With The Great Illumination, It Can Prevent The Accidence. Can Be Used For Deck, Road, Dock, Path, Driveway, Garden, Walkway, Sidewalk, Step, Stairs, Etc..

    [Note]Please Make Sure The Sun Light Can Be Directly On The Solar Panel At Least 3~5 Hours To Fully Charge The Battery In Side. If There Is Any Problem With The Solar Deck Lights, Please Feel Free To Contact Us. 1 Year Warranty And 24H Customer Service..

    [Ip68 Waterproof]The Driveway Lights With Ip68 Waterproof Against Any Types Of Terrible Weather Like A Rainstorm, Blizzard Or Daily Heat In A Long Time.Aluminium Materials Ensure The Light Can Be Used In All Kinds Of Outdoor Conditions.. [Easy To Use]First Time Using, (Make Sure To Turn On The Switch) Solar Deck Lights Are Charged In The Daytime For 6- 8 Hours Under The Sun, And Will Turn On For 8-12 Hours In The Nighttime Automatically. It Can Be Mounted With The Provide Screws..

  • The 4 Best Solar Post Cap Lights in 2021

    Classy caps can make your deck railing look phenomenal. This can make your home appear more pleasant. The thing about a fence post cap light is that it's always on.

    This can be expensive. Led lights use a lot of electricity after all. In order to make post caps more affordable, you should look into a post light that is solar powered.

    Solar post cap lights are beautiful. They can maximize the ambiance of your home without increasing your electricity bill since they are solar powered. You have probably never bought a solar cap light in your life.

    It can be difficult to buy solar lights if you have never bought one before. We have provided a list of classy caps that you can use in your home. If you want to learn more about fence post cap light, read our buying guide below.

    It gives details on how we rate solar post cap lights. Just getting something solar powered wo not be enough, after all. You also need to make sure that the led post light you buy is worth the money you are paying for it.

    This might be more of an aesthetic aspect of your solar post cap lights, but it's one that matters. The shape of your bulb determines how nice your led post light looks. It also tells you if you need to cover the bulb up or not.

    An ugly bulb can cost more. It would require a shield of some sort to prevent people from looking at it. Good quality lighting is not enough.

    The shape of your bulb needs to be optimized too. You want a certain level of brightness in your solar post cap light. A dim, soft lighting is generally preferred.

    Something around 80-100 lumens is perfect for use on your deck. Some would prefer brighter lighting, though. This is also perfectly acceptable.

    You just need to see what the maximum brightness of your solar post cap light is. Knowing this beforehand can help you plan in advance. You would be better able to place the lights if you know how bright they are.

    Also, some bulbs would be as bright as beacons. They wo not be suitable for a soft, relaxing post light vibe. Anything solar powered needs a solar panel.

    Solar post cap lights are no different. You need to ascertain which panel would work best for you. A monocrystalline panel is the best.

    It lasts a really long time and has a 20% efficiency rate as well which is twice as good as any other panel. However, this type of panel is usually quite expensive. If you are on a tighter budget then you might want to try a polycrystalline panel.

    The former is so long lasting that it makes the latter a silly choice, though. Chances are you wo not need to use your solar post cap lights during the day. This means you need a solar powered battery that you can charge.

    This battery will store and hold solar power. When the night comes around, this power can turn your solar post cap light on. You need a good battery life for this to be possible, though.

    A good quality battery would last about 10-12 hours on a full charge. Anything less than this is just not acceptable. You need your battery to last throughout the night, after all.

    No more than a couple of hours should go by before the sun comes up and your battery can start charging again. Battery charging time matters too. It does not matter if your battery lasts twelve hours if it also needs twelve hours to charge.

    It's unlikely that you would get twelve full hours of strong sunlight anyway. Hence, your battery should take about six or so hours to fully charge. This means that even on days of low sunlight, your solar panel can pick up enough energy to keep your battery running for the full twelve hours.

    You should plan for low light days in advance lest they cause problems later on. Having to turn your solar post cap lights on every night can be a real bother. This is why you should look for a solar post cap light that can be automated.

    This means that you can have it turn on automatically every night. You should ideally get the option to specify what time you want the lights to turn on. This will help you decide the right time based on whenever the sun is going down.

    Ideally you should turn the lights on an hour before it gets dark so that some illumination can be maintained. Brightness is a factor here, but light color matters too. You want your solar post cap light to give off an aura of serenity.

    This can help you relax in your backyard. The ideal color is usually a shade between white and yellow. This shade mimics sunlight to a large extent.

    Many people make the mistake of going too yellow. Yellow lighting does not automatically mimic the sun. Sometimes it can be a little too harsh.

    Add a little white into the mix. This will make the lighting seem more natural. Solar post cap lights are notorious for breaking down frequently.

    This is common among a lot of solar products. A good warranty is crucial to mitigate costs coming from the damage. It can also help with maintenance.

    Regular maintenance can allow your lights to last longer. Paying for it can be quite expensive. Warranties usually include reasonable maintenance.

    A 3 year warranty is the best option to go for. However, some companies only offer a one year warranty. We would suggest that you go for the former, even if it costs a little bit more money.

  • Best Solar Post Lights | LEDwatcher

    Want to create a warm, welcoming atmosphere for your porch, deck, or patio of a night-time? Do you have the desire to accent your home's decor or flowerbeds? Maybe you just want to enhance the security surrounding your property.

    There are loads of outdoor lighting options available on the market today, but perhaps you should consider a set of solar post cap lights. These lights will fulfill all your lighting requirements, and what is more, they come with zero power bills or ongoing maintenance costs and are the eco-friendly outdoor lighting option. How do solar post cap lights work?

    It's very simple. You mount them on posts that you stake into the ground, and during the day the solar panel atop of the lights collects rays from the sun, charging the battery within so that energy can be utilized as light when it gets dark. The lights have an internal light sensor so that they turn on automatically at dusk, and off at dawn.

    On a full charge, most of these lights will keep your home lit up all night long. There are many solar post cap lights now available on the market, so to make your purchasing decision easier, we have compiled this article reviewing ten of the best models out there today. Hopefully, by its completion, you will have a better idea of what is out there, and in which direction you should turn to get the right set of lights for you.

    Let's look at some of these lights. Down below are our reviews for each of ten of the best solar post lights. With its 'stained glass' style plastic lens, this Moonrays lamp casts an intriguing, shimmering glow that sets it apart from your typical outdoor light.

    It's fully solar-powered, as well, which means no need for complicated wiring or any external power source. Just set these solar post lights up in an area where the top-mounted solar panels will receive plenty of sunlight and can charge the included 1000 mAh Ni-MH battery so that your place can be illuminated at night. Moonrays' light emits 18 lumens of light with a wide-beam angle of 120 degrees; turning on automatically at dusk, off at dawn, it is perfect for decks, porches, patios, outdoor fences and more.

    With installation posts, screws and an optional mounting bracket included in the box, you can position it wherever you please, either in the ground or upon your wall of choice. And its sturdy plastic frame complete with brushed copper finish means it will stand up under all weather conditions. This light even looks fantastic!

    For an aesthetically pleasing outdoor lighting experience that is eco-friendly and saves you money on energy bills, you can not go past Moonrays' 91421 outdoor solar post cap lights. Make them a part of your outdoor living experience today. • Solar-powered outdoor lighting: no wires, no energy bills, no dirty emissions.

    Just set up your fence post lights in an area that will receive plenty of direct sunlight, and let nature do the rest. For eco-friendly outdoor lighting, these lights from Moonrays can not be beat. • Sophisticated stained glass design, these solar deck post lights emit an enchanting glow.

    Ideal for your porch, patio, deck, balcony, and landscaping. With Moonrays, you will want to invite all your friends around so you can show off your beautiful outdoor lighting. • Includes 1 rechargeable 1000 mAh Ni-Cd battery.

    It charges during the day, courtesy of rays from the sun, providing the power needed to illuminate the LED lamp when it gets dark. • Easy to install, just use the included installation posts and screws; also comes with optional mounting bracket for hanging on the wall. • Sturdy plastic and metal frame with dusted copper/bronze finish, this light will get the job done whatever the weather conditions.

    Here's another one from the folks at Moonrays. This solar-powered LED light with white plastic coating comes on automatically at dusk and emits 2.4 lumens of high-quality light, making it ideal for illuminating your porch, patio, driveway, and deck; accenting your landscaping, or just generally beefing up the security surrounding your property. With enhanced efficiency solar panel and one AA 600 mAh Ni-Cd rechargeable battery, these solar post lights do the job by harnessing the power of the sun alone, which means no need for wires or power bills on your part.

    Just place out in the sun; on a full charge it provides up to 6 hours' continuous lighting output. Installation is easy, too, it comes with 4 mounting stakes plus screws. With durable plastic, waterproof design, this solar post caps light is suitable for all outdoor lighting and weather conditions.

    Overall, another high quality solar outdoor lighting product from Moonrays, well worth the investment of time and money. • Solar-powered outdoor lighting: light up the outside of your property by using the power of the sun alone. No wires, no electricity bills.

    Just place in an area where the solar panel can gather plenty of solar rays and charge the battery. • One energy-efficient LED light, 2.4 lumens output of light. Perfect for illuminating porches, patio, decks, balconies, and gazebos.

    • Includes one AA 600 mAh Ni-CD rechargeable battery. Requires exposure to sunlight in order to charge. On a full charge, these solar fence post lights provide 6 hours' lighting coverage.

    • Includes 1 rechargeable 1000 mAh Ni-Cd battery. It charges during the day, courtesy of rays from the sun, providing the power needed to illuminate the LED lamp when it gets dark. • Hassle-free installation: just use the included mounting stakes and screws.

    • Plastic housing and lens, both are waterproof and will withstand all weather conditions. With an extra-long lifespan of 100,000 hours, this ultra-bright LED solar post caps light from iGlow will be keeping your property illuminated for many a night to come. It's ideal for porches, patios, decks, balconies, and driveways.

    And because it's 100% solar-powered, there are no wires, meaning you can place it in any outdoor location that needs extra lighting. Just use the 4×4 mounting posts and screws included in the box. The only other thing these solar post lights require is exposure to direct sunlight: so set it up then sit back and relax, while nature does all the hard work.

    It automatically activates at dusk, then turns off at dawn. And with its new and improved solar panel, you can be sure it will charge really well during the day also so that it is ready to go providing light to your property all night long. In addition, these solar post cap lights have an exceptionally sturdy plastic design, making them virtually weatherproof - so you can be sure this light will do the job come rain, wind, hail, sleet, and sunshine.

    Want some outdoor lighting, that is clean, affordable and efficient, and allows you to save the environment and your energy budget? Then you've arrived at the right place. These solar deck post lights from iGlow tick all the boxes.

    • For a fully solar-powered outdoor lighting experience choose iGlow. These solar fence post lights require no external wiring or power source. Just set them up outside and let the new and improved solar panel gather rays from the sun, charging the battery so that the lights are ready to go illuminating your property at night.

    • Includes 1 ultra-bright LED, emits a warm white light, with 100,000 hours' lifespan. Ideal for illuminating decks, porches, balconies, pathways, and gazebos - you want it lit, these fence post lights will do the job. • Built-in AA rechargeable battery, 2 years' lifespan before you need to replace it.

    • Automatically turns on at dusk, off at dawn. • Installation is simple, just use the standard, 4 x 4 mounting posts and screws. You can either stake it in the ground or hang from the walls.

    For some affordable, attractive outdoor lighting that also benefits the environment, consider SunWind. Their 4 pack of outdoor solar post lights also come in three stylish, sophisticated designs and finishes to choose from. Whichever one you choose, you get 5 lumens lighting output and 7-8 hour's coverage on a full charge.

    They are ideal for accenting and decorating your landscaping and flower beds. As a fully solar-powered outdoor lighting option, there are no wires or external power source required either. Set your solar fence post lights up in your location of choice, using the 4 mounting posts and screws, and let nature charge them up automatically.

    This is the effort- and maintenance-free outdoor lighting option! Go out and grab your pack from SunWind today. • Outdoor lighting that is powered by the sun alone.

    Set these solar deck post lights up in an area that gets plenty of sunlight and allow nature to do the rest. No complicated electrical wiring, no external power source-and no carbon emissions either. This is the eco-friendly outdoor lighting option.

    • 4 LED lights, 5 lumens output per light; these are ideal accent lights for your landscaping, gardens, and flowerbeds. • Auto on at dusk, off at dawn. You get 8 hours' illumination from these solar lights for fence posts on a full charge.

    • Hassle-free installation, just stake them in the ground using the included mounting posts (4 per light) plus screws. • Sturdy and tough plastic and metal body and lens. These solar deck caps will withstand all the tests and trials nature throws at them.

    If you want night-long lighting for your property's exterior, you can be sure this 2 pack of outdoor solar post caps from Hilltop will get the job done, no worries. These solar post lights come with an innovative automatic dimming feature whereby after 6 hours' lighting the output of these lights drops from 20 lumens to 5. Instead of getting 6 hours' lighting per night, you get 10.

    And these solar post cap lights come with another automatic sensor that saves you additional power: the solar deck post lights only turn on once the ambient lighting levels in their surroundings drop to a certain level, ensuring your yard is only illuminated after dark and not before. Again, these solar fence post lights are fully solar-powered, to charge them up just place in the sun and let the attached solar panels collect rays from the sun during the day, so that come nightfall they are ready to go illuminating your porch, yard, deck or pathway. Installation is easy - just use the included posts and screws - and with durable weatherproof construction and design, these fence post lights will be doing the job all year round and for many more years at that.

    For efficient, long-lasting outdoor lighting that wo not break the bank, and is eco-friendly as well, choose this quality offering from Westinghouse. • Solar-powered outdoor lighting: no need for cables or external power sources with these solar lights for fence posts, just stake them in the ground in an area where they will receive plenty of sunlight, and let nature do the rest. Save the environment AND your energy budget with these lights.

    • 2 Super-bright LED lights: at their peak, they give off 20 lumens of light. Ideal for illuminating your porch, driveway, patio or garage. These lights will handle any outdoor lighting job you throw at them.

    • Auto dim mechanism ensures you get a full night's lighting with these LED lamps. Six hours after turning on, the light output drops from 20 lumens to 5. Instead of getting a mere 6 hours' lighting from these lamps, enjoy 10.

    • They automatically turn on at dusk, off at dawn. • Easy to install, with each light you get six 4×4 wooden mounting posts. Here we have another offering from Westinghouse.

    This time it's a two-pack of outdoors solar post caps, each of which emits 20 lumens of high quality, cool white light, sufficient to illuminate your porch, deck, driveway, patio, and more. It's all fully solar-powered, so no need to worry about power bills or electrical wiring. Just set them up in an area that receives plenty of sunlight during the day, and you are good to go.

    These solar post cap lights will charge automatically throughout the day so that come nightfall they are ready to go illuminating your property. These solar post lights, too, have an automatic dimming feature; after six hours' light, they automatically reduce their output from 20 lumens to 5, giving you up to 10 hours' of lighting each night (instead of 6). Another internal sensor detects the amount of ambient lighting in the environment and automatically turns the solar deck post lights on/off, once that level reaches a certain threshold.

    Easy to install with 4 installation posts per light plus screws, these fence post lights have a durable plastic design that is built to last. Say adios to those fears of your outdoor lights going off halfway during the night, and enjoy having the yard or porch illuminated the whole evening long with these outdoor solar fence post lights from Westinghouse. • Solar-powered outdoor lights, they charge automatically during the day so that when nightfall arrives they are ready to go illuminating your yard, porch, etc.

    Just set them in an area where the solar panels can collect plenty of sun, and you are good to go. Say goodbye to excessive power bills and light up your yard using the power of the sun alone. • 2 super-bright LED solar deck post caps, each has 20 lumens output, sufficient to light up your porch, patio, driveway, balcony, garage - you name it.

    • They automatically turn on come nightfall, off come dawn. • Automatic dimming feature, after being on 6 hours the lighting output automatically drops from 20 lumens to 5. • Problem-free installation, each light comes with 4 standard 4 by 4 posts.

    Stake them in the ground wherever you like. • Durable plastic design, these solar deck post lights 4×4 are made to last. This '2 in 1' solar outdoor light from Sterno Home can be used either as a path-light or you install it as a post cap light for outdoor landscape lighting, using the 4 by 4 mounting posts included in the pack.

    It's ideal for your paths and driveways as well as for enhancing the overall security surrounding your house. And it is 100% solar powered as well, so no need for electrical wiring or external power source, just set it up in an area that receives plenty of sun and it will automatically light up your yard at night after charging throughout the day. It has solid plastic design with a black, UV protected finish that ensures this light will be illuminating your paths and porches for many a night to come.

    Automatically turns on at night, off at dusk. For stylish outdoor lamps that can be used as a conventional path light, or as a solar post cap lights, and all by taking advantage of the free energy supplied by the sun, look no further than Sterno Home's outdoor solar post lights, you wo not regret this purchase. • Solar-powered simplicity: this solar post caps light requires NO complicated electrical wiring, external power source, or any other installation equipment.

    Just set it up in an area that will receive plenty of sunlight, and it will light up your yard and paths during the night after charging during the day. With its advanced, superior quality crystalline solar panel technology, you can be sure this light will collect plenty of solar rays. • Convertible '2 in 1' light, you can use it either as a conventional path light or mount it on the included 4 by 4 installation posts for landscape lights.

    • Advanced, high-tech crystalline solar panel, enhanced absorption efficiency, these solar deck post lights charge more quickly and provide a longer-lasting lighting experience. • It contains an ambient light sensor which is configured to turn your solar fence post lights on/off when environmental lighting levels reach a certain threshold. Ensures light is conserved for when it is needed most.

    • Sturdy, weatherproof plastic lens and body with UV resistant black finish - these solar deck post caps will get the job done come rain, hail, snow, or blinding sun. This is truly a light for all seasons! • It all comes with a one-year manufacturers warranty.

    Add a warm, welcoming glow to your porch, balcony, deck, garage or yard with these solar post cap lights from Greenlighting. Accent and decorate your landscaping or light up the paths leading to your front door so you no longer have to stumble about in the dark and risk breaking your neck. These solar post caps do it all.

    Place them out in the sun, using any standard, nominal 4 by 4 fence posts, and let the crystalline solar panel on top of the solar deck post lights collect rays from the sun and charge the battery within. No electrical wiring or external power source required, light up your place using only the free energy supplied by nature herself. They include an internal light sensor so that they turn on automatically at dusk, and off at dawn.

    Their sturdy, weatherproof finish ensures these solar post cap lights will be doing the job for many a season to come, amidst whatever conditions nature hurls at them. For an easy, effort-free and eco-friendly experience lighting up your home's exterior, choose these outdoor solar post lights from GreenLighting. • 100% solar powered outdoor lighting: no wiring, no power bills, these solar fence post lights let you take advantage of the free energy provided by the sun itself.

    Just place out in the sun and let the solar panel atop the lights charge the battery below, so that they are ready to go lighting your home's exterior at night. Set them up then sit back and forget about them, these lights are effort- and maintenance-free! • Long-lasting LED fence post lights provide a soft, warming glow.

    Ideal for creating a warm, welcoming atmosphere on your porch or deck, or for accenting and decorating your landscaping and flowerbeds. These LED lamps are super-efficient, utilizing 75% less power than conventional incandescent lights, whilst lasting 25 times as long. On average they have a lifespan of 100,000 hours.

    • Each light comes with rechargeable AA Ni-Cd battery which charges during the day then provides the energy for lighting your home at night. • Internal light sensor detects ambient lighting levels in the environment. And is configured to turn the lights on/off automatically when ambient light levels reach a certain threshold, ie dawn/dusk.

    • Fits easily on nominal, standard 4 by 4 wooden posts (NOT included). • Durable weather-resistant design, these lights handle all the elements no problem. Take advantage of the free energy provided by the sun with these Moonrays 91187 outdoor LED solar fence post lights.

    Emitting a warm, white glow spanning 360-degrees and at a 120-degree angle, you can use them to decorate your garden beds, add a welcoming ambiance on your porch, deck or patio, or just overall beef up the security surrounding your property. With zero wiring and no installation or maintenance required, enormous energy savings to be had over the long term, and an environmentally friendly outdoor lighting option, all packed into one, the reasons for choosing these solar post caps are obvious. Just use the included mounting posts to install, then sit back, relax and let the sun do the rest.

    With sturdy weatherproof plastic construction and design, these solar post lights will be converting solar rays into light for your home's exterior for many nights to come, and whatever the elements. Create a warm, bright and charming atmosphere for your yard, porch or deck with these Moonrays outdoor solar deck post lights. • Solar outdoor lighting: reap the benefits of free solar energy with these fence post lights.

    The concept is simple. The solar panel on top collects rays from the sun during the day, charging the battery so that they are ready to go providing light for your home throughout the night. No wires, no power bills, no extra installation equipment required.

    Energy-saving and eco-friendly outdoor lighting is at hand with Moonrays./li> • Super-bright, white LED solar fence post caps. Suitable for your porch, patio, pathways, balconies, decks, and gazebos. As these solar deck post cap lights are completely wireless you can place them wherever you like.

    • Includes one rechargeable battery that stores the energy of the sun's rays so that they can be utilized as light when it gets dark. On a full charge, it provides up to 8 hours' continuous lighting. • Automatically turns on at dusk, off at dawn.

    • Easy to install, just use screws (included) and any standard 4 by 4 post (not included). Also comes with a plastic attachment allowing you to mount on your wall of choice. Last but not least we have Noma's outdoor solar post lights, 6 included in the pack.

    What is really great about these solar post caps is that they can be easily mounted on 4 by 4 wooden or PVC posts. Accent your flower beds or light up your walkways by creating just the lighting pattern and effect you desire, and do it all by utilizing the power of the sun itself. These solar post lights require no external wiring or additional installation equipment.

    You just install them in a location where the solar panel will be able to collect plenty of solar rays during the day, charging the battery so that these solar deck post lights are ready to go illuminating your yard come nightfall. They turn automatically on at dusk, and off at dawn, and are capable of providing up to 8 hours' continuous lighting when fully charged. With sturdy plastic and vinyl construction and design, these solar fence post lights are also built to stand the test of time.

    Whether it's rain, snow, wind, or scorching sun they encounter, these fence post lights will withstand the elements and get the job done, no worries. These are another great set of outdoor solar lights, why not grab a set and give them a go. • Solar outdoor lighting: illuminate your porch, pathways, deck, and patio by utilizing the energy of the sun alone.

    No need for external wiring, installation equipment or ongoing maintenance. Just set them up in the sun, then sit back and forget about them. Nature will do all the hard work.

    Reduce your electricity bills and your carbon footprint with these lights./li> • Super-bright, warm white LED solar fence caps. Suitable for all outdoor uses - porches, pathways, decks, you name it, these solar deck post caps do it all. • Comes with two rechargeable batteries per LED lamp.

    Fully charged, they provide up to 8 hours' continuous lighting coverage. • It comes with an internal light sensor that ensures these solar powered fence post lights automatically turn on at dusk, and off at dawn. • Extra-thick plastic and vinyl construction and design, these lights are sturdy and built to withstand all the elements.

    In this article, we have reviewed ten of the best solar post lights and caps available on the market today. As we have seen, these models vary quite a bit as to their features, power and price, so hopefully at least one of them meets your set of requirements, and this article helps you get your dream set of solar post lights and caps as soon as possible. These lights are useful, and a lot of fun, so go out and grab a set, and enjoy playing around with them.

  • 15W Best Solar Deck Post Lights for Parks Solar Lights on Top of Fence Post

    What are the advantages of 15W Best Solar Deck Post Lights for Parks 5000K Solar Lights On Top of Fence Post? 1. Replace conventional Area Lights 2.

    Precision Die Cast Aluminum Housing 3. Fade Resistant Powder Coat Finish 4. Easy Installation 5.

    CE ROHS listed What are the features of 15W Best Solar Deck Post Lights for Parks 5000K Solar Lights On Top of Fence Post? 1. Beam angle:120 degrees.

    2. Aluminum die-casting heat sinks is good for heat dissipation. 3.

    It's major to replace the conventiona area light. 4. Green, energy saving, long and reliable life of 50,000 hours.

    5. No RF interference, No IR/UV radiation ,no mercury pollution. 6.

    Wide colour availability in degrees Kelvin(K),2700-6700K. 7. Streamline exterior design, beautiful appearance.

    8. Environment friendly ,energy saving (70~80%). 9.

    Special circuit design, each LED work separately, avoiding the single broken LED influence problem. What are the applications of 15W Best Solar Deck Post Lights for Parks 5000K Solar Lights On Top of Fence Post? 1.Area roadway/roadway lighting.

    2.Parking areas lighting. 3.Airports lighting. 4.Streetscapes lighting.

    5.Campuses lighting. FAQs Q1. Can I have a sample order for led light?

    How to order samples? A1: Yes, we welcome sample order to test and check quality. Mixed samples are acceptable.Send inquiry at alibaba,we will contact with you,and send you quotation.

    Q2.What is your payment term?Can you accept the Credit Card? A2:We accept payment by Alibaba / TT / Western Union / Paypal / Visa.We accept payment by credit card.

    Q3. What about the lead time? A3:Sample needs 1-5 days, mass production time needs 1-2 weeks for order quantity more than 8000pcs.

    Q4. Do you have any MOQ limit for led light order? A4: Low MOQ, 1pc for sample checking is available.

    Q5.What are the temperture color you can provide? A5:We can provide 2700K SW / 3000K WW / 4100K NW / 5000K DW / 5700K CW / 6500K SCW. Q6.

    How do you ship the goods and how long does it take to arrive? A6: We usually ship by DHL, UPS, FedEx or TNT. It usually takes 3-5 days to arrive.

    Airline and sea shipping also optional. Q7. How to proceed an order for led light?

    A7: Firstly let us know your requirements or application. Secondly we quote according to your requirements or our suggestions. Thirdly customer confirms the samples and places deposit for formal orders.

    Fourthly We arrange the production. Q8. Is it OK to print my logo on led light product?

    A8: Yes. Please inform us formally before our production and confirm the design firstly based on the sample. Q9: Do you offer guarantee for the products?

    A9: Yes, we offer 3-5 years warranty to our products. Q10: How to deal with the faulty? A10: Firstly, Our products are produced in strict quality control system and the defective rate will be less than 0.2%.

    Secondly, during the guarantee period, we will send new lights with new order for small quantity. For defective batch products, we will repair them and resend them to you or we can discuss the solution i ncluding re-call according to real situation.

  • The Best Solar Post Lights

    How would you feel if you walk into your garden at night and see it illuminated with pleasant, ambient light? That would be great, is not it? That is the experience you get when you buy the best solar post lights.

    With the right solar post lights, you can light up your dark pathways, garden, yard, and outdoors without breaking the bank. Interestingly, these lights do not just illuminate your environment. They also improve the security around your home.

    Do you know the beauty of having these lights around your home? They run on clean and renewable energy. That means you wo not have to bother yourself with buying batteries or worry about an increase in electricity bills.

    And the fact that solar post lights generally perform well and are easy to install makes them quite popular. A unit of solar post light comes with a control system, solar panel, and sometimes LED light (depending on the brand). Interestingly, some of these lights are automated.

    They feature light sensors which automatically turn them on at dusk and turn them off at dawn. And they can last all night when fully charged. However, it's a bit challenging to select from some of the best solar post lights sold out there.

    Of course, every brand has unique features. So, picking the perfect solar post lights that meet your requirements is sometimes very difficult. But in this post, we have come up with a detailed review and buying guide to help you make the right choice.

    Which Brands Make the Best Solar Post Cap Lights? There are several brands out there that produce top-notch solar cap lights. However, here are the top 4 brands that produce premium quality solar post cap lights - FOOYANCHO, DAVINCI, KEMECO and HOME ZONE SECURITY.

    How to Maintain Solar Post Lights? Solar post cap lights do not really need much maintenance. All you need is to replace the batteries once in a while and clean the lights to enable them to function effectively.

    Can I Set Up My Solar Post Cap Lights Myself? Yes, you can set up your solar post cap lights yourself. It's relatively easy as most of the brands are beginner-friendly.

    At times there may be a well-explained guide on how to install the lights in the kit. So, you do not need to hire a technician to help you install your solar post lights. Where Can I Buy Solar Post Lights?

    You can buy your solar post cap lights anywhere, including online stores like Amazon, home depots, electrical shops, hardware shops, departmental stores, etc. However, it's advisable you shop your solar post lights online to get better deals.

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Ok, Let Me Make It Clearer, What Light Can You Use to Charge Solar Lights? Besides the Sun.?
Ok, Let Me Make It Clearer, What Light Can You Use to Charge Solar Lights? Besides the Sun.?
The key thing is blast as many watts at the solar cells as you can. The colour you want varies with the type of solar cell, with maximum sensitivity ranging from infrared to ultraviolet. Many solar cells are most sensitive to blue light. Would it not be easier to hotwire the lights for an external charger? I know it's not what you asked, but it's what I would do.1. Any solar lights give off yellow light?Hi. Yes. Many have a yellow LED. We have a dozen in our yard purchased from Walmart2. Do solar lights for the outside home really work and do they last?Solar lights work fine. Mine, from Walmart, are 3 years old and still going. BUT solar is not for you. They do not give off anywhere near enough lighting for your purpose. They are decoration only. You need wired lighting.3. How long do solar lights stay on?It depends on the type of lights you have. Accent lights will stay on all night with a few hours of sun, and often into the next cloudy/rainy night if the battery has stored sun. Lamps and Lamp posts are the same thing. You want to make sure you get good ones though, and look for ones with Lithium-Ion batteries. There are also decorative lights that stay on, such as lanterns or floating lights for pools. And floodlights/security spot lights that can stay on up to 2 minutes every time the go on for up to 100 times a night, or for up to 8-10 hours continuously.4. Solar pergolas, gazebos & patio covers: A quick guideWhen you think of solar power for the home, solar panels on the roof is what immediately comes to mind. But there are many other places you can put your panels to produce solar energy for your home. Some of the more popular alternatives available in 2021 are ground-mounted solar panels and solar carports. Another approach is to go for solar structures on the patio or in the garden, which are often referred to as 'solar pergolas' or 'solar gazebos.' Read on to learn exactly what solar pergolas and solar gazebos are and whether they make sense for you. What are solar pergolas, solar gazebos, and solar patio covers? They all refer to solar-energy producing structures built on your outdoor patio or backyard. They can be built upon existing structures on your property, or be custom-built with solar energy production in mind. You could use a small structure if you are just looking for enough energy to power outdoor lighting. But with a bigger setup, you could place enough solar panels for a 5 kW solar system or even a 10 kW solar system. A system of that size is usually enough to power your house as well as sell excess electricity back to the grid. Are solar lights and solar umbrellas different from solar pergolas, solar gazebos and solar patio covers? Yes, they are. You have probably seen solar lights and solar umbrellas, which are popular in people's backyards these days. Solar lights are smaller devices that use solar cells, which are either built-in or attached as a small accompanying unit. The cells charge an internal battery during the day and then power lights at night. There are many different types: solar path lights, solar spotlights, solar ambient lights, etc. Solar umbrellas, meanwhile, are patio umbrellas with inbuilt solar cells that power attached lights and sometimes even a USB charging station. Solar lights and solar umbrellas have limited power-producing capacity are not built-up structures like solar pergolas, gazebos and patio covers. Which is better? Rooftop solar vs. solar pergolas, gazebos and patio covers For most houses, the rooftop is the place with maximum surface area and highest exposure to the sun. It is usually also convenient to mount solar panels there, as minimal construction or modification is required. These factors are why roof-mounted solar panels have remained the most popular option for homeowners. However, in many instances, your roof might not the right place to put your panels. Here are some of them: Space constraints: Your roof does not have space for the number of solar panels your require. (Not what this figure is? Calculate the sq. ft. required for solar panels here). Shade: Obstructions like surrounding buildings or trees might block direct sunlight from hitting your roof. Unfavorable angle or positioning: You will not produce maximum power unless your roof faces south. The roof angle, or pitch, also needs to be at the right level (30 to 45 degrees) to work best. Aesthetics: Maybe you just do not like the way they would look on top of your house... Ground-mounted solar panels are one alternative to consider. But they have one big disadvantage: they require substantial amounts of real estate, space that you can not use for anything else. This is where the solar pergola, solar gazebo or solar patio cover-as well as the solar carport- enter the picture. They are all dual-use structures, so they are more space efficient than a ground-mounted setup. You might already have one of these structures out back, which you might easily be able to adapt or modify to hold solar panels. Otherwise, if you are building one of these structures from ground-up, you can go for a designed-for-purpose structure that looks looks great and is optimized for maximum solar energy production. Of course, opting for a whole new structure means adding construction costs to the cost of solar panels. Solar pergolas, gazebos, and patio covers are just one of the routes you can take to go solar. If you can not or do not want to put solar panels on your roof, you could use them in order to gain all the benefits from going solar. To see if they are right for you, find a local solar installer who can assess your property and provide recommendations.
Led Solar Street Light Circuit Diagram System Design Pdf
Circuit diagram of the solar garden light is shown in Fig. 1. It is built around a solar lamp controller IC CL0116 (IC1), a miniature solar cell, a bright white LED (LED1) and a few other components. Fig. 1: Circuit diagram of solar garden light. This circuit requires only a single Ni-Cd rechargeable battery to light up the white LED for more than five hours depending upon the ampere-hour (Ahi need to find out whether my figs have sugar coated on them?The label ingredients list would have to include sugar. Most likely if it says natural, there's no sugar coating. They are naturally a little gooeyWhat can you do with dried figs?Fabulous Fig Bread Categories: Breads, Low-cal Yield: 22 slices 1 c Dried Figs, ground 1 c -Boiling water 3/4 c Pistachios 1 1/2 c All-purpose flour 1 ts Baking soda 1/4 ts Salt 4 tb Margarine or butter 1 c Sugar 3 tb Egg substitute; -OR- 1 -Egg 1 ts Vanilla In a medium-sized heat-proof bowl, combine the figs and pistachios, add boiling water and let cool to room temperature, about 1 hour. Position a rack in the center of the oven and preheat to 350 F. Grease an 8-1/2" by 4-1/2" loaf pan. In medium sized bowl, combine the flour, baking soda and salt. In a large bowl, beat the butter until fluffy. Gradually beat in the sugar. Add the egg and vanilla and beat for 1 to 2 minutes, or until lightened. Add the dry ingredients and beat until just blended. With a spoon, blend in the fig mixture. Turn into the prepared pan and bake 1 to 1 1/4 hours, or until the bread just begins to pull away from the sides of the pan, and the top springs back when lightly touched. Cool in pan on a rack for 15 minutes, and then turn out and cool completely. Wrap in plastic and store overnight before serving. Cut into thin slices. Yield: One 8-1/2" x 4-1/2" loaf - 22 slices Each serving contains approximately: Calories 124, Fat 3.39 g, Dietary Fiber 2.22 g, Carbohydrates 22.4 g, Protein 2.38 g, Sodium 94.8 mg, Cholesterol .026 mg Calories from protein: 7% Calories from carbohydrates: 69% Calories from fats: 24%wat can i do with figs?I do not give a fig about figs! No, really I've only eaten them in Fig Newtons and they were okay, have not tried a fig in its natural formwhen is the best time to prune a fig tree?Is it indoors or out? Just finished a class in pruning. Dead branches are pruned at any time. Actual remedial pruning is done when the plant is dormant. Outdoors, this is in January and February. Indoors, when the plant appears to be dormant...no further growth or leaf pruductionWhat does kate Chopin's "Ripe Figs" mean?This Site Might Help You. RE: What does kate Chopin's "Ripe Figs" mean? I do not have to write an essay about the story, I need to write a short sequel, moving the story from fall to spring. In order to to that, I want to know what Kate Chopin was trying to get across when she wrote it. I have a feeling it's has something to do with age and patience, but why does...if i ate dried figs all day?that is a alot of fiber lolEdible unclonable functionsFigure 1 shows that the photoluminescent properties of fluorescent silk proteins are used to realize multiple challenge-response pairs in an edible PUF platform with heightened security for on-dose authentication and anti-counterfeiting of medicines. Importantly, challenge-response pairs differentiate our protein-based PUFs from other common unique objects and tags29,63. In reaction to optical challenges, defined by a unique set of excitation and emission bands of different fluorescent proteins, the edible PUF made of silk protein (i.e., fibroin) and fluorescent proteins generates distinct output responses, which are used to extract digitized keys (Fig. 1a). The source of entropy is randomly distributed fluorescent silk microparticles seamlessly embedded in a covert thin transparent silk film. First, we take advantage of four different fluorescent proteins (i.e., eCFP, eGFP, eYFP, and mKate2) that have specific excitation and emission peaks in the visible wavelength range (Supplementary Table 1). Specifically, we utilize fluorescent protein-expressed silk produced by transgenic silkworms as recombinant proteins via the piggyBac transposase method (Supplementary Methods and Supplementary Fig. 1a). Silk proteins are an excellent biopolymer to be genetically hybridized with fluorescent protein genes46,55,57,59. Second, to fabricate fluorescent silk microparticles (Supplementary Fig. 2), fluorescent silk fibroin is regenerated into an aqueous solution with a low-temperature process, is freeze-dried, and is gently ground into zeolite-shaped microparticles with sizes of 99.3 7.9 m (mean standard deviation) (Fig. 2a, b and Supplementary Fig. 3). Third, an admixture of the fluorescent silk microparticles is broadcast on a large flat surface and a white silk fibroin solution is poured on top. After an ambient drying process in the dark, this thin transparent silk film with a thickness of 150 m is punched into 7 7 mm2 squares, resulting in all protein-based edible PUF devices (Methods and Supplementary Figs. 2 and 4). eCFP, eGFP, eYFP, and mKate2 silk cocoons possess bluish, greenish, yellowish, and reddish colors under white light illumination (Supplementary Fig. 1b). However, after the regeneration of the fluorescent silk, each type of fluorescent silk microparticles are not distinguishable in the naked eye, while maintaining their fluorescent properties (Fig. 2 and Supplementary Fig. 5). This fabrication process is scalable for mass production without using any sophisticated equipment and is safe for oral consumption without any organic solvents or synthetic polymers (e.g., methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, or polyvinyl alcohol) (Methods and Supplementary Fig. 6a). Analyses of mass spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and in vitro cytotoxicity (cell viability test) assays support the overall nontoxicity of the edible PUF devices (Supplementary Methods and Supplementary Figs. 7-9). In Fig. 3, the flow diagram illustrates how a cryptographic key is extracted from an output response when challenged by a set of excitation and emission bands, including the raw output measurement, the bitstream extraction, and the final digitized security key. We mainly use four representative challenge-response pairs (n = 4) based on the excitation and emission peak wavelengths of the individual fluorescent proteins in silk (Supplementary Table 1 and Supplementary Fig. 1c). An input challenge (C ) is selected as a combination of the excitation and emission bands at specific wavelengths such as = 415 nm and = 460 nm; = 470 and = 510 nm; = 470 and = 560 nm; = 530 and = 630 nm, corresponding to eCFP, eGFP, eYFP, and mKate2 in silk, respectively. Upon optical excitation, a raw fluorescent image is recorded by a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera equipped with a conventional zoom lens via a tunable color filter (Methods and Supplementary Fig. 10a). In other words, the corresponding fluorescent image acts as an output response (R ). A resultant digitized key (K ) is obtained by an extractor that converts the fluorescent image of silk microparticles to a binary bitmap (Fig. 4). First, to improve the quality of binarization, we normalize the raw fluorescent image (300 pixels 300 pixels) by the maximum intensity (Fig. 4a). The noise is removed by applying a threshold of 20%. Fluorescent areas smaller than a specific pixel size of 20 are also considered as noise. Then, the image is resized to be 150 pixels 150 pixels with a binning process. Second, to ensure a low bit error rate (high reproducibility), we find the spatial peak position of each fluorescent silk microparticle where the highest intensity peaks of the microparticles are located, subsequently reducing the image size to 50 pixels 50 pixels (Fig. 4b). Then, the peak positions are only assigned to 1 bits and other pixels are 0 bits. Third, to remove the bias of 0-bits, we apply an enhanced version of the von Neumann bias compression algorithm with two-pass tuple-output debiasing (Fig. 4c)64. Because the fluorescent peaks are relatively rare events in the entire image due to the density of the fluorescent microparticles, global bias is present such that 0-bits are generated consistently more often than 1-bits. Finally, after debiasing, we use first 64 bits as a digitized key in each response, because a typical minimum number of peaks in the fluorescent images is 32. Combining four challenge-response pairs (n = 4) together, the final digitized key size results in 256 bits (=4 64). We assess the quality of randomness of the edible PUF-generated binary sequences, using the NIST statistical test suite that was originally designed to evaluate random and pseudorandom number generators65. One of the minimal requirements of PUFs is randomness with high entropy, as PUFs rely on an entropy source to create an unclonable output response66,67. When PUF responses are used for cryptographic key generation, it is also critical to evaluate the randomness to ensure the unpredictability of the keys generated by PUFs. The NIST statistical test suite includes 15 different tests to quantify the randomness of bitstreams. Each test focuses on a specific aspect of randomness (Supplementary Table 2). Some of the tests rely on the minimum sequence length of 1 106 and the minimum number of substrings (blocks) of 55, requiring a total stream of 5.5 107 bits. On the other hand, the key size of the edible PUFs is significantly shorter than those of random number generators. To use seven statistical tests that require a reasonable stream length, we explore the randomness of binary sequences summed from 30 different PUFs (Fig. 5). Specifically, we collect a total of 7680 bits from 30 different PUFs (256 bits for each PUF) and divide the bitstream into 60 sequences to perform each statistical test 60 times on individual 128-bit long sequences (Supplementary Dataset 1). Each statistical test returns two results; a p-value of a chi-squared (2) test and a pass rate (i.e., proportion), as shown in Table 1. As summarized in Table 1, the binary sequence from the 30 different PUFs passes all of seven NIST randomness tests without any post-processing. The parameter values used in each test and the characteristics of the NIST randomness tests are summarized in Supplementary Table 2. In other words, the bitstream (7680 bits) extracted from the 30 PUFs is statistically random, supporting the idea that the output responses of all protein-based PUFs can be unpredictable and unclonable. This result also supports the idea that our simple broadcasting process of particulate fluorescent silk offers a random spatial distribution as a straightforward yet effective entropy source60,61. To evaluate the basic PUF performance, we examine the digitized keys of the edible PUFs. We first estimate the bit uniformity by checking the equal probability of observing 1-bit or 0-bit states: where K is the lth binary bit of the key and s is the key size. Basically, the bit uniformity is the Hamming Weight (i.e., number of 1 bits in a binary sequence) of the s-bit key. For 30 different PUFs, the distribution of bit uniformity converges to the ideal value of 0.5 (Fig. 6a). Then, to evaluate the device uniqueness of each PUF, we calculate an inter-device Hamming Distance (HD) by counting a number of different bits between two PUFs under the same challenge. The device uniqueness measures the degree of correlation between digitized keys measured from two different PUFs. Ideally, the digitized keys from any two selected PUF devices should be uncorrelated, indicating that the state of a PUF is unknown even when the states of other PUFs are known. The inter-device HD between any two PUF devices can be defined: where K and K are s-bit keys of the ith PUF device and the jth PUF device among q different PUFs, respectively. The 30 different PUF devices generate a total of C (=30 29/2 = 435) comparisons. In Fig. 6b, the histogram of the normalized inter-device HDs is well fitted into a Gaussian distribution with a center at 0.5032 with a standard deviation (SD) of 0.0458, which is close to its ideal value of 0.5, exhibiting the excellent device uniqueness of all of the edible PUFs. In addition, we investigate the degree of correlation among the digitized keys of four responses in each PUF by calculating an average HD (Fig. 6c). The 30 different PUFs result in a mean HD value of 0.499 with a SD of 0.0041, indicating that the individual digitized keys in each PUF are also unique. When the number of challenge-response pairs is extended to seven, seven resultant digitized keys are still uncorrelated with a mean HD value of 0.5089 with a SD of 0.0766 (Supplementary Figs. 11 and 12). In addition, we calculate an encoding capacity of the edible PUF-generated binary sequences. The encoding capacity simply means a number of codes that can be generated and is defined as cs where c is the bit-level (c = 2 for binary bits of 0 and 1) and s is the key size38,68. To accurately estimate the encoding capacity, it is important to use an appropriate key size. When an imaging scheme is used, one may think that the total number of pixels (variables) is the digitized key size. In this case, the actual encoding capacity can be less than this nominal encoding capacity, because each individual pixel (variable) cannot be completely independent. One way for estimating the number of independent pixels (variables) is to analyze the degrees of freedom; s = p(1 p)/2, where p is the mean probability and is the standard deviation31,34. In Fig. 6b, the resultant width of the inter-device HD distribution shows that significant subsets of the key are mutually independent, corresponding to the degree of freedom (or number of independent variables) of 120 (0.5032 (1 0.5032)/0.04582). As a result, the edible PUF has c = 2 and s = 120, resulting in a relatively large encoding capacity of 2120 (1.3292 1036). Importantly, the debiasing process is useful not to comprise the actual coding capacity. If a security key is biased with too many 0 s or 1 s, the actual coding capability is often diminished. A large encoding capacity could be utilized to provide information on manufacturer-determined data, including dose information (e.g., dosage strength, dose frequency, and expiration date), manufacturing details (e.g., location, date, batch, and lot number), and distribution path (e.g., country, distributor, wholesaler, and chain). If a higher encoding capacity is required for a specific application, the key size of our edible PUF can simply be scaled by further optimizing the density of fluorescent silk microparticles, which allows for a larger number of peaks in each image. The number of challenge-response pairs can also be increased by incorporating additional combinations of the excitation and emission bands (Supplementary Fig. 11). To examine the feasibility for reliable PUFs, we test the readout reproducibility and stability of the security keys from the identical PUF device. The reproducibility of a PUF represents the ability of generating the identical keys following the same repeated challenges. We calculate an intra-device HD, which is quantitatively described by a bit error rate (i.e., percentage of error bits out of response bits with an ideal value of 0) from 10 challenge-response cycles (nine pairwise comparisons) for each PUF device. For the ith PUF device, an average intra-device HD captures the readout reproducibility: where K and K are the original s-bit reference key and a s-bit key extracted from the same PUF device at a different time-point t and m is the number of repeated measurements. Figure 6b shows a relatively low mean value of 0.0632 with a SD of 0.0164 estimated from the intra-device HD histogram for the 30 different PUFs at the same 10 challenge cycles. We further examine the long-term reliability under the same challenges after 60 days in the laboratory environment (i.e., stored at 22 2 C and 40-50% relative humidity in the dark) (Supplementary Fig. 13). When the fluorescent intensity of the raw fluorescent images taken 60 days apart is compared, the correlation coefficients (r) of the four responses (R , R , R , and R ) range from 0.833 to 0.983. For the pixel positions of the first 32 peaks in the binarized images, the r values are even higher than 0.895 for all of the responses. These results support the potential reliability of the protein-based edible PUFs, although the reproducibility assessments do not reflect extremely harsh conditions, given the medical applications. We further estimate a false positive rate and a false negative rate from the inter-device and intra-device variabilities. When PUFs are used for authentication, the false positive rate is the probability that PUF A is authenticated as PUF B. The false negative rate is the probability that a correct PUF fails to be authenticated. The resulting false positive and false negative rates are 9.6394 1013 and 3.0982 1012, respectively, assuming that the inter-device and intra-device variabilities follow Gaussian distributions (Supplementary Fig. 14). The pairwise comparison map of cross-HD analyses further shows that all of the 30 different PUFs are highly uncorrelated (Fig. 6d) where the diagonal line indicates the intra-HD values for the identical PUF device itself, while the off-diagonal points represent the inter-HD values compared with the other PUF devices.
Questions About Common Led Solar Lights
Could you write a one paragraph bio/testimonial about yourself that sounds entirely fictitious/embellished but is actually completely true?Rei was born in a vast industrial wasteland where the sky glowed burnt orange at night and the odd explosion rocked the nearby houses. Rei is descended on one side from a mysterious orphaned farm boy, and on the other side from a fierce war veteran matriarch. Reis formative years involved being inducted into a mysterious local group listed in the phone directory as a satanic cult, where Rei learned to wage war and perform magic while hordes of people insisted on giving Rei expensive pieces of cardboard. Rei has spent time learning how to fly, climbing silk, building artificial intelligences determined to cover the world with carpet, swimming on the ocean floor, and occasionally hitting people with things, all while working full time and obtaining several academic degrees. Rei has trekked through the jungle, performed at the opening ceremony for the Olympics, and hugged eight incarnations of The Doctor. Over the years, Rei has ushered many people through doorways to other worlds, where they have learned to fly in Never Never Land, run a starship, saved the world from giant rocks, time travelled, and attended Hogwarts.------Should Italy quit the Euro & Eurozone? Why or why not?As the answer to similar questions has been provided so many times, let's take a different turn.No, it shouldn't because it would be a massive violation of the desire of the Italian population.In the latest polls, the support for the EU and Euro was about 70%. The lowest we have ever seen.. still the vast majority.Even the right wing populist Lega, now in power, has made some interesting changes to its headquarters.Source: Repubblica newspaperHave you noticed the "Basta Euro" (enough with the euro) logo and the reference to secession (North and Padania)? They took them down this week, before the government is officially appointed.Before we even consider the suicidal economic consequences and the contractual impossibility of the solution, the Italians simply don't want to do it. Isn't that enough?For the economics part, here is a sample of the reasoning behind the economic issues:Tiziano Martinetti's answer to How likely is it that Italy will exit the Euro currency but remain in the EU zone?------Michael Heseltine says Britons are turning against Brexit as the economic and wider damage becomes clear. Is there evidence of that?Michael Heseltine, being a typical Britain and spending all his time in pubs, shopping centres, Jobcentres and canteens, will obviously be a reliable source for the views of the common man, particularly those in the North?Michael Heseltine - WikipediaMichael Ray Dibdin Heseltine, Baron Heseltine, CH, PC (born 21 March 1933) is a British Conservative politician and businessman. After initially making money as a property developer, he was one of the founders of the publishing house Haymarket. He was a Member of Parliament from 1966 to 2001, and was a prominent figure in the governments of Margaret Thatcher and John Major including serving as Deputy Prime Minister under the latter.Heseltines ownership of Haymarket has made him a large personal fortune. As of 2013 he was ranked 311th in The Sunday Times Rich List with an estimated wealth, including shareholdings held by members of his immediate family, of 264 million.I think it would be possible to find sources who more accurately reflect the opinion of the average person.------After 10 years, who will be remembered the most - Sachin Tendulkar, MS Dhoni or Virat Kohli?Do you remember the 112 in the 1992 Perth Test?Do you remember the 65 in the 1996 World Cup Semifinal?Do you remember the Desert storm innings in 1998?Do you remember the 140* against Kenya in 1999 ICC World Cup?Do you remember the 673 Runs in 2003 ICC World Cup?Do you remember the 98 against Pakistan in 2003 ICC World Cup?Do you remember the 241* in Sydney 2004 Test?Do you remember the countless nervous 90s in 2007?Do you remember the 200* against South Africa in 2010?Do you remember the 148 against Pakistan in 2005?Do you remember the 183* against Sri Lanka in 2005?Do you remember the 91* in 2011 ICC World Cup final?Do you remember the 183 against Pakistan in 2012?Do you remember the 82* against Australia in ICC World T20 2016?Do you remember the 100* against Australia in 2013?Do you remember the 112 against Pakistan in 2013?Scan your brains and hearts but lets just tell which of these memories are etched forever in your life!You got your answer guys, it will always be Sachin Tendulkar, today, after 10 years and even after 100 years!!------What are your thoughts on Fox News host Chris Wallace fact checking Donald Trump and telling him that he's wrong to claim that Biden wants to defund the police?My thoughts,That while Trump was wrong in the wording Biden used and extent to which he wants to defund police, that Wallace was also absolutely wrong.You see, two things can be true at the same time.If Wallace wants to fact check something, he damn well should be correct about it, and he wasnt. (Same goes for Trump claiming something)Biden said that he wants to shift funding from police to other programs like mental health.When you take funds from a programs budget, that is defunding. Plain and simple.Additionally, any time that it is suggested that a programs funding be frozen at current levels, or even not increased as much as expected over the previous budget, those in D.C. always cry to the media about important programs being defunded. That means that by use of the term that Biden has used in the past, and surrounded himself with for forty years that he was talking about defunding the police.But, yes, Wallace was correct that Biden did not say abolish the police, nor did he say to completely defund them.------When i connected 4 LEDs i read 0.5 volt on my voltmeter.I added 4 more LEDs and it reads 1 volt,why is that?Assuming they aren't connected to a power supply, probably the ambient room light is charging them up and your voltmeter is loading them down a little bit, too. LEDs work as light sensors as well as light emitters.If you are trying to use your LEDs as light sensors, that's one thing. (A lot of methods are available there.) If you are trying to use them as a power source, that's going to be a lot more complicated (and mostly impractical except in rare circumstances where you actually know what you are doing and why.)Regardless of any of that, you can't expect to increase both voltage and current without an external power supply. Useful power out is always less than useful power in. You can "optimize" the load point to improve the net power extracted from a solar cell (or, for gosh sake, an LED.) But that's circuit design, not a violation of physical laws.------How much have you grown as a person from the time of your first Quora answer to your most recent?I think I have grown as a person. I like Quora because it gives me a chance to think and write on subjects that are important to me, learn and possibly, on rare occasion help someone.I get a lot of satisfaction from writing on Quora and so far I havent been trolled which I have an aversion to. I think a lot of questions have answers that are easily found elsewhere but not the qualitative kind.I would turn off my stats if I could but I dont really want to be anonymous. My picture and name are not my own and thats enough. I am not really interested in the numbers game, just the questions and answers. I dont care about being upvoted or not. It is nice to be published and have a database that has all of my musings. It is a modern form of self-reflection or contemporary intellectual snapshot.As far as things to do on the internet there is a lot worse out there.------What is the worst personnel ratio in which wars have been won?The battle of Auerstedt in 1806. (1:2 ratio)A single corps of the French Army defeated the entire Prussian army. The French were measly 27,000 and the Prussians were 62,000, more than double the number of French.The battle started when they collided with single divisions in morning. Both the sides started getting reinforcements piece-meal. However, the Commander of the French III corps was none other than Louis Nicholas Davout, whose superb training and stern discipline created the best fighting force of the Grand army. The Prussian Army had somewhat rotted. From the days of Fredrick the Great, the Prussians had lost their discipline.In the end, the entire Prussian line was broken, their commanders were mortally wounded and the French were counter attacking.In an age where line formations formed and even small number of troops could be used for flanking formations, this battle can be considered epic.Another battle that comes to my mind is the Battle of Saragarhi Ratio (21 Sikhs vs. 10,000 Afghans). The sikhs fought to the last man and killed or wounded approximately 180450 Afghans. So yes its a strategic victory.Hope this helps !------Why has Norway not joined the EU?HiNorway let its citizens decide and they voted against. Instead of that, Norway joined the EEA, and is therefore part of the European Market (including the right to enjoy and the plight to grant the Four Freedoms to other European citizens).To be a member of EEA, Norwayhad to accept the basic constitution of the single markethad to accept the jurisdiction of European Courtshas to accept new laws and regulation from the EU, to a certain degreepays substantial amounts to the European Union, without having a say in its politics and decisionsSo You might argue that itd be more clever for Norway to be an EU member. However, it would also mean giving away more juridical power, and accepting external policies (e.g. on fishing, which is much more regulated by Norway then by other EU members). At least, being a member of the single market is as valuable to Norway that theyre willing to accept all this to gain acces.------Why is Russia apparently such a big threat to the US?Russia and the United States do not share the same agendas and have contradicting interests in regards to peace and stability. Russia isnt necessarily a threat to US national security but more of a threat to their national interests and agendas (though national security and interest do coincide).Path to U.S.-Russia CooperationAmerican Interests, Russian InterestsRecently, the Middle East has become a hot debate with the two nations conflicting agendas.U.S.-Russia Competition in the Middle East Is BackUS and Russia Interests in Middle EastThe two nations contradicting interests heated up in UkraineThe True Interests of the US and Russia in UkraineThe Obama Doctrine and UkraineBut most of all, Syria has been the center of the two nations heated agenda rivalry, some calling it a proxy conflict between the twoSyria crisis: Where key countries stand - BBC NewsThe Syria Strike: Are the United States and Russia On a Collision Course?Russia versus the United States in SyriaRussias interests - What Russia Wants in SyriaUnited States interests - Americas Vital Interests in Syria------Some scientists often consent to this statement: "For every creation, there should be a creator." Would you deny this?Im not sure if it was intentional, but your question commits the fallacy of begging the question. An argument begs the question when it assumes what it claims to prove. The Mona Lisa is a creation. Does the Mona Lisa have a creator? Well, of course it does. It couldnt be a creation if it didnt!Its a pedestrian truism that all creations have creators. The meaningful question is whether the natural worldor at least certain aspects of itare creations. If it can be shown that they are, then the theist has established something significant. Of course, he still hasnt proven theism. Even if the natural world has a creator, it doesnt follow that the creator is omnipotent, omniscient, morally perfect, eternal and possessed of the other properties ascribed to the theistic god. Still, it would be a nice start. But many people have proposed arguments for this conclusion and so far none has survived rational analysis.
Do Solar Lights Only Work with Sunlight?
Do Solar Lights Only Work with Sunlight?
Any source of light will work, the stronger the light source, the faster the rechargeable battery inside will charge1. Amazon is selling these flickering flame solar lights for £30.99Solar lights are one way to instantly transform an outdoor space. Affordable and low-maintenance but highly effective, you just charge them in the sun during the day to create a stunning light display in the evening. The StillCool Solar Flickering Dancing Flame Lights are the ultimate cosy lighting for autumn. Not only are they perfect for creating a warm ambience in your garden, but they wo not affect your electricity bills either. Candles are perfect for creating a cosy atmosphere, particularly in the autumn, but they are not the most practical for outdoor lighting. If you want to recreate that warm glow, the StillCool Solar Flickering Dancing Flame Lights are the next best thing. Safe and realistic, the lights have proved to be a big hit with Amazon shoppers. 'Fantastic value for money' wrote one delighted shopper 'The warm candle-like glow and imagery they give out are second to none! 'They are extremely realistic and give an excellent ambience to our rockery and water feature that they surround. I would 100% recommend these fantastic lights.' Another shopper wrote: 'These lights are amazing. My husband was unsure on solar lights to begin with, but he absolutely loves these lights. 'We have had lots of compliments from our neighbours about them. They are beautiful when they come on and look like candles burning away with the flicker.' To use, charge the solar lights in direct sunlight (it should take up to eight hours) then the solar panel will convert the sunlight into electrical energy, ready for ten hours of battery charge. As the sunlight is not as strong in the autumn and winter, you should get at least five hours in after fully charged. While shoppers say these lights create a 'warm, cosy light', it's worth noting that they are not super bright, so if you are looking for powerful lights, then you may need electric ones. One reviewer wrote: 'These are really beautiful in the garden at night. The amount of light they put out is minimal, but as a decorative light, they are perfect. The flicker effect is very good & they are much bigger than I expected.' With no cords or wiring needed, you can place the StillCool Solar Lights wherever you like. Use them the line your pathway, place them at the entrance to your garden or put them in the flower beds to create a lovely glow at night. Another customer raved: 'They look fantastic at night... They flicker very convincingly and look far more substantial than the usual filling station offerings. They are not cheap, but they are worth the money.' MailOnline may earn commission on sales from the links on this page.2. ok, let me make it clearer, what light can you use to charge solar lights? Besides the sun.?The point of solar cells is that sunlight is free. If you charge your batteries with any other light source, you will get less back than what you put in. It would make better sense to use the original light source when you need the light. Anyway, solar cells will charge your batteries on a cloudy day---just not as fast as a sunny day.3. Camping Tips for Namibia Part 2I hope you enjoyed Part 1 of Camping tips for Namibia. I also hope you are busy planning your camping trip? If you are, keep reading for more clever ideas to help you camp with ease. When it comes to kitchen utensils and equipment, organization is important. It's vital to check your kit before leaving home. A very easy way to keep it organized is by using a shoe / tool organizer . Kitchen setup will be a blast coz you can hang it in the tree. Make sure food supplies are sealed as to not let in unwanted eaters like ants, wild animals or the midnight sleep eater. Struggling to get everything clean? An alternative to soap and scours for very greasy pots or pans is sand. It absorbs greasiness and gets the job done perfectly. Throughout the year, there is an assortment of items at home you should not throw away. Old shower curtains are a perfect example of things to keep as this comes in handy to use as ground cloths. Collect and clean empty vegetable cans. Take a bunch of them along when going camping. They are great for baking bread or to boil eggs over the fire. (Use the same recipe as the stick bread in Part 1 of Camping Tips for Namibia). Tuna cans serve as an excellent tea light candle holder. It's not always the easiest task to keep things dry and clean. Disaster is just a spill or a cracked egg away. Keep toilet paper dry and clean by placing it in an empty coffee can with a snap on lid or a large size ziplock bag While were on the subject of eggs and keeping them safe, here is a very handy tip: crack open the amount of eggs you are planning to use on your trip into a container with aspill free lid.Each day you can merely pour out the amount of eggs you are planning to use - keep it cold! Raise your hand if you have never tripped over a tent peg in your life. Never? I am here to save you some pain. It hurts your toes and there is a slight possibility that your tent is the break to your fall. A disastrous situation, causing your wife to scream, and bam! The whole campsite is awake. Prevent this by replacing the pegs with solar lights. Or peg the solar lights next to the tent pegs, ensuring you do not trip over them. As a bonus you light up the campsite. Another problem with tents are the strings. Add a bit of romantic flair to your tent, by twirling battery operated fairy lights around the strings. Now your tent looks like something from a 60's disco movie scene. Put on your Elvis costume and get ready to rock 'n roll. Alternatively, if you are not a Elvis fan, paint the top of the tent pegs with phosphorescent paint to make them glow. For a reliable and affordable camping experience in Namibia Gondwana Collection recommends: Camping is not camping without a fire. Acquaint yourself with the rules and regulations of making fires at the camping spot. Make sure it is a safe distance from trees, grass and your tent. Waterproof matches by dipping them in melted paraffin at home. Keep matches in prescription bottles and stick a piece of sandpaper at the top to light them. Did you forget your fire starters or is the wood wet? Here are some alternatives: Oily chips such Fritos and Lays serve as great fire starters. The downside is you now have less snacks. Another handy item to keep in your camping trunk is wine corks soaked in rubbing alcohol. Peanut and other nut shells are a great substitute to wood chips. Bugs like to hang out with you at a campfire. To keep them away, hang a light away from the chilling spot and they will immediately go to the light. For extra flavour to your barbeque vegetables and meat, add rosemary branches to the coals. Keeping everything together can be a big head ache, particularly something simple like a beer bottle opener. Tie it to your camping chair with a piece of string. This way its close by and will not get lost. Get up early. Camping trips are not for people sleeping until noon. Nooo. If you want to sleep, go home. It's for getting out and experiencing nature at its best. No hair gel, no high heels - no problems. It's a care free time. Please respect other campers and keep noise levels down. Gondwana Collection Campsites. Click on the images to visit the website : It was great sharing these tips with you. Did you miss Namibia Camping Tips Part 1 ? Click here Go on. Go camp it out. Jessica Schoombee is a local freelance writer. She is an eccentric young lady who has a love affair with writing. Get on board her journey of discovery.
The New Best Way to Get the Greatest Wholesale Outdoor Solar Lights!
What is wholesale outdoor solar lights?Outdoor solar lights are an important part of our everyday lives. They can be found at any hardware store, as well as at home and commercial buildings. We have come a long way since we started using them. It is because of these products that we have become very successful in our own backyard. This means that they are not just being a utility, but also as a tool for people to use in their daily lives. With these products, you can save money on your energy bills by reducing your need for electricity.Yes, we are all trying to save money, but how do we actually save money? In the United States, it is not always easy to get the best prices on solar lights. But in most cases, there are some things that are really important to us. When you look at what is happening with solar lights, you can see that they are much more expensive than regular solar lights. They are so cheap that they don't even make any difference to our everyday lives. When you buy solar lights, you will be buying them from a great store.No one knows how to use these lights and there are many different types of solar lights. They can be found in the United States, Canada, and Australia. Most of the best solar lights come from Australia, which has an area of 1,000 square kilometers. There are several different types of solar lights available and it is possible to find the best solar lights in the market. All you need to do is get the best solar lights that you can afford.Outdoor solar lights are made to withstand harsh weather and offer long lasting power. These solar lights can be used in combination with other energy efficient lighting devices, such as gas powered LED street lights. Most outdoor solar lights can be installed in residential or commercial buildings. This type of solar lights is usually called a lightbulb because they are designed to provide light for an area that is not large enough to house many people. It can also be used in conjunction with other types of solar lights such as flood lights, night lights, etc. Outdoor solar lights can also be used in place of incandescent lights.Types of wholesale outdoor solar lightsIf you want to get the most out of your solar lights then go for a great deal. A lot of people will choose to buy them from a local dealer or directly from the company, but it is important to make sure that they have all the necessary hardware and licenses to use them. There are lots of ways to get the most out of your solar lights, but there are a lot of different types of solar lights that you can choose from. We will take a look at some of the different types of solar lights and how they can be used in your home.In today's world, most people would rather buy their own power from a local source than to use it to produce electricity. They can save money by installing solar lights in their homes and also provide lighting to other areas of their homes. However, there are some very common questions that people have when it comes to buying a new solar light and how they can be used by others. These questions include: What are the advantages of using solar lights? Are there any risks associated with using solar lights? How do you know if you should use them? Do you know if you should use them properly?I love to be able to tell you how many times I've heard of a style of solar light. There are so many types of solar lights and there are so many different types of solar lights that I really enjoy using. There are different types of solar lights and you can choose from several different types of solar lights. You can find the best type of solar lights on the market today. It is always fun to have a few different solar lights in your yard and it is always fun to see what people are doing.What to Consider Before Buying wholesale outdoor solar lightsAll of the brands that have used outdoor solar lights in the past, we can tell you that they are all just as effective as new products. They are actually made from materials that are resistant to rot and other harmful elements. We know that many people buy them because they are durable and you can install them yourself. When you have an outdoor solar light, you can choose to use it for any type of work that you want.As a business owner, it is important to be able to find the best way to use your own resources. If you have been running your own business for years, then you will know how important it is to get the best possible price for your equipment. Most of the time, people just don't realize that they can do this work by buying products from other businesses. This will save you money in the long run and also allow you to sell products that you already have.No one wants to pay more than their local competitors. The average cost of buying a solar light is about $14. This is an investment in your future and not in your pocket. Most people do not want to pay more than their local competitors for their own home or business. They don't want to spend money on any type of project, so they need to make sure they get the best deal possible. It is very important to know what is best for you before you buy it.No one knows what will happen to the weather in the next few months. When you have your own rooftop garden, then you have to consider how much you will need to save in your home. If you are looking for the best way to get the most out of your home then it is always best to go for wholesale outdoor solar lights. There are several things that you can do to help reduce your energy bills and also increase your efficiency. It is also important to consider how much you will be able to save in your home and also what kind of investment you will need to make.
Elaborate on the "6" Good Skills of Solar Garden Lamp
Elaborate on the "6" Good Skills of Solar Garden Lamp
Nowadays, solar outdoor lighting lamps are in the stage of vigorous development, and all kinds of outdoor lamps have developed into solar series lamps, including solar garden lamps. How much do you know about the "6" good skills of this new solar garden lamp? Then let's see where "6" is1. Long service life: the general service life of solar garden lamp can be as long as 50000 hours, far exceeding that of ordinary incandescent lamp (1000 hours) and energy-saving lamp (8000 hours). Moreover, it uses semiconductor chip to emit light. It has neither glass bubble nor filament, does not worry about vibration and is not easy to break.2. The irradiation light is relatively healthy: the irradiation light of solar garden lamp will not contain ultraviolet and infrared rays as ordinary lights, nor will there be radiation.3. Conducive to green environmental protection: solar garden lamp is free of harmful elements such as mercury and xenon, which can be recycled and utilized. More importantly, it has no electromagnetic interference.4. Vision protection: use the retained drive, and there is no stroboscopic.5. High light efficiency: the efficiency of converting electric energy into irradiation light is as high as 90%, and it is safe and reliable. The voltage, current and heating are relatively small. Therefore, there are basically no potential safety hazards and can be used in dangerous places such as mines.6. As a lighting fixture, solar garden lamp is also a decorative product. It can not only highlight the cultural characteristics of classical architecture, but also display the fashionable and popular urban style in many aspects. Therefore, whether classical or modern architecture, it can adapt well and bring high use and viewing value.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) for Best Solar Lights
Do the mountains around this Norwegian valley act like a giant battery?The scientific literature has almost entirely ignored this theoryThe episode (9:54) doesn't present the battery theory as conclusive fact.It is just a theory. They still need to work out how the theory could cause the lights to hang in the air. But for the time being, its the best theory they've got.There are two facets of this that can be checked:Is this a real theory real scientists take seriously?This perspective letter published in a scientific journal reviews 3 explanations for the phenomenon. The third explanation matches the one given in the episode. A perspective letter is more like an opinion piece than a in depth scientific investigation. They typically go through an abbreviated peer review.Physicists have suggested few models to account for the HL phenomena. One possible explanation attributes the phenomena to an incompletely understood combustion process in the air involving clouds of dust from the valley floor containing scandium (Hauge, 2007, 2010). Another hypothesis suggests that HL are formed by a cluster of macroscopic Coulomb crystals in a dusty plasma produced by the ionization of air and dust by alpha particles during radon decay in the atmosphere (Paiva and Taft, 2010). The valley's shape, microclimate or unique geology might also act as a giant battery that powers the lights (Monari, 2013). Until recently, none of the hypothesis/models described above seems to account for all the observations of HL and the very high energy source generating HL remains completely unknown.The Monar 2013 report presents the giant battery hypothesis, and presents some data that is consistent with the hypothesis. This data is far from conclusive and the report makes clear that this is just a hypothesis. It was not published in a scientific journal and I have no evidence that it went through peer review. It has gotten almost no scientific attention; According to google scholar, the perspective letter quoted earlier is the only scientific source that cites this report.I do not see any evidence that this theory is taken seriously by the wider scientific community.Is it "the best theory they've got"?The perspective paper mentioned two other theories. Hauge proposed that burning scandium causes the lights. Paiva and Taft proposed that it is caused by a dusty plasma. Hauge 2007, is a "preliminary report" that does not appear to be published in a scientific journal. It presents a little bit of evidence that supports the possibility that burning scandium dust is causing the lights. Although it has been cited by 8 other papers, none of them give it more than a cursory mention. Hauge 2010, was published in a peer reviewed journal and has been cited by two articles other than the perspective letter. I don't take either article seriously. One is short, doesn't really explain its methods or data, and is published in a probably predatory journal. The other explains that an alien "exo-civilization" built a "stealth extraterrestrial visitation probe" that is causing the lights.Paiva and Taft are two scientists who have published extensively about the Hessdalen lights. They have proposed several physical models for how the lights occur (2010,2012,2011,2012,2011). These models discuss dusty plasma, and charged particles emitted from rocks that fracture as they thaw. Most of them are published in peer reviewed scientific journals. Most of them have gotten at least 1 citation. The scientific community appears to take Paiva and Taft far more seriously than Monar or Hauge.This could be because their theory correctly explains the evidence, or it could be because they know how to write papers that will get accepted, or both. Although their work has more acceptance than the other two theories, that is a pretty low bar.Speculation about the showI personally have a good scientific background; for most scientific papers I can understand a decent amount of what is being discussed. Paiva and Taft's papers go right over my head. If the people creating the show looked at their work, they probably decided it was too complicated and arcane to try to explain to their viewers------Can we generate enough electricity to light up street lights by means of a dynamo being rotated by car wheels?Is it possible?Most likely yes.But:What challenges would one be facing for such an idea or design?These are what I foresee as the biggest hurdles you'd have to overcome.Hurdle 1: The laws of thermodynamics, in particular the first and second law. The first law of thermodynamics states that energy cannot be created or destroyed. There's a caveat here in that energy can be converted to and from mass using Einstein's famous equation, but there aren't any current automotive applications of Einstein's equation so we may as well assume energy and mass aren't converted to each other.So whatever energy it takes to run the lights will have to be put in by any vehicles driving on our fictional energy converter. This wouldn't be a problem except for the second law of thermodynamics which states that the entropy of the universe is at best not increasing. This leads to the concept of efficiency. Not all the energy of the gasoline your car burns goes towards "useful" work. Most of it is lost as heat. In fact so much heat is created by your engine that engines have cooling systems designed just to keep it from melting itself. Common gasoline engines have typical efficiencies of around 35%. This is before any efficiency losses created by wind resistance or efficiency losses of converting the car's motion through the converter to the street lights. Typical power plants which operate in a different fashion reach efficiencies of 50% or higher. This means we would end up wasting a lot more energy by trying to power lights off of cars instead of off the grid. Note that this hurdle applies to many different kinds of energy harvesting methods, not just Hurdle #2: The way automobiles work. Cars drive by transmitting power/torque to their wheels, getting them to spin. The wheel then spins and hopefully doesn't have significant slippage with respect to the ground, transmitting a friction force which moves your car forward. We say your car moves forward but there's no reason why we can't say the ground is moving backwards. If the ground is fixed from point A (source) to point B (destination) it really doesn't matter because either point B is getting closer to us or we're getting closer to point B.However, if the ground is rotating like a giant treadmill, the wheels can be spinning and we'd be moving with respect to a point on the treadmill, but the same reference point will also be moving away from point B. At best the car is moving faster towards point B than the reference point on the treadmill is moving away from it, at worst the reference point is moving faster away than we're moving towards it. Either way we're straining the engine more and likely arriving at our destination later, if at all.Hurdle #3: Reliability. A giant spinning dynamo is most likely not going to be reliable. This is because the system is being exposed weather, constant pounding of traffic, etc. The system would also be new and complex, the two worst enemies of reliability. Power plants and the grid used to transmit electricity are also quite complex, but these have had decades of refinement and testing to produce highly reliable systems.Hurdle #4: Cost. The electrical grid and power plants aren't there just to power street lights. They power our homes and businesses, too. They can also use a variety of energy sources such as wind, solar, coal, natural gas, nuclear, hydroelectric, etc. Many of these energy sources are significantly cheaper or easier/cheaper to harvest in large scale. In many cases these facilities already exist. In the other cases I would argue that powering street lights are the least of your worries.Conclusion: I'm sure it's possible someone could design a system to do what you described, but it would almost certainly be highly impractical, unreliable, and expensive------Lighting Suggestions for Weeping Mulberry?If you've never done any landscape lighting, I have to warn you. It is addictive. And it might be hard to find just one light. They usually come in sets for homeowners.The trick between professional lighting and homeowner lighting is this; you never ever want to see the light bulb or fixture itself. No blinding lights. Your beautiful tree should be uplit with a spot light or two. From this position a spot light set behind the patch of Hosta? would work to hide the spot light. But if you walk to the front door? or come around on that walkway from the side of your home? More than likely to be blinded. It gets tricky to place the lights just right. Black matt spot lights with recessed bulbs is all I would use with a moon light or two.Your landscape professionally lighted becomes alive at night. Very different than in the day light. Stunning. You should call some landscape companies to give you a bid. You want a low voltage system added to your electrical system. A box should have room to add more lighting because all the clients who started with...8 lights was the minimum, sold with an upgradeable transformer and there was a time where anyone with electrical skills was able to do this install. Not anymore. Find a landscape company that has its own licensed low voltage electrician.Within a month, we timed it, all clients wanted more lights. Another 8 or 12 or 18...the only thing people would see are landscape features; the sweep of branches and bark, shadows, back lit, down lit or up lit. Spotting a light on the side of your home will make a black shadow of a tree in front. Moon lighting worked best for a patio situation. Let's talk about security. Those motion sensored blinding lights? The bad guy could stand outside of the circle of light and be invisible. Landscape lighting is more subtle and the ambient light off your tree, your hedge is plenty to light pathways and see bad guys sneaking around. Add gravel and barberry shrubs under windows and bad guys won't even bother.There are, 'dorky', lighting packages at home depot. Cheap. It would get you started and playing with lighting and figuring out how to hide those spot lights. Those 'fixtures' should be matt black with recessed bulbs. Low voltage will have wiring buried 6 inches deep. Make sure they bury the wiring 6 inches deep, no less than 4. Don't get tempted (best to talk to wife first) purchasing shiny brass pagodas and fixtures that look like earrings. Absolutely no pathway flying saucers. Pathway lights are for airport run ways. Can't tell I am a little opinionated? Grins. I am telling you the difference between an investment that will add to the value of your home and one that will be lost, forgotten and worse, tripped over. But when you see the power of landscape lighting, you will be smitten. Can't hurt to get some free bids. And get ideas. It will be an investment but pales with the investment you've already made in your landscape that right now gets turned off every night. People would leave their homes in the dark to go to work and it would be dark by the time they drove into their garages. Only neighbors would get a chance to see the landscapes...I wonder if they have wireless lighting now? Forget solar. Unless the lights aren't the solar absorber themselves. Like having blinding light bulbs everywhere. You want to make your landscape the light fixture.
SOLAR STREET LIGHT ARUDRA SOLUTION
A solar street Light Luminaire is a lamp technology that utilizes solar cell to obtain electrical energy during the daylight hour by solar radiation and then use the electrical energy to provide light at night. Semi integrated lamp tries to overcome complicated installation and expensive price of normally solar street lamp. Semi-integrated solar street lamp only integrated solar cell, controller, and battery, while lamp is separated using cable. This configuration makes semi-integrated lamp cheaper and easier for installation that is suitable for rural area. Therefore, in this paper we develop semi-integrated type of solar street lamp. The illumination of semi-integrated lamp was measured using lux meter. The power of the lamp was calculated to meet the energy needs for 12 hours. The results show that the semi-integrated solar street lamp with low power LED 2W has been successfully developed. The solar lamp can be automatically turned on for around 12 hours, from 5:50 PM to 5:30 AM (UTC5:30). The illumination average of the lamp is 17.42 lux with 6.97 lux deviation. The measurement result of illumination shows that the solar street lamp has maximum distance of more than 140 cm with 230 cm high of lamp. Street lamp is a necessary part of every part of the street, with a primary function is to provide comfort to the driver and pedestrian. Street lamp also has a security function that is to prevent accidents and criminality. On the other hand, from environmental and economical perspectives, solar street lamp is better than the traditional street lamp, since the traditional technology uses far more energy during its operational life [1], [2].Solar street lamp is a lamp that utilizes solar cell to obtain electrical energy during the daylight hour by solar radiation and then stored in the battery [3], [4]. At night, the energy saved in the battery is used to provide light on the street. Generally, there are two types of solar street lamps: (a) unintegrated lamp; (b) fully-integrated lamp, as shown in Figure 1. Unintegrated lamp is a lamp which are each component, i.e. lamp, solar cell, controller, and battery, separate from each other, as shown in Figure 1(a). However, the lack of this type of solar street lamp is in need of a complicated installation. Different from un-integrated lamp, fully-integrated lamp has integrated all the components of each lamp, as shown in Figure 1(b). The fully integrated lamp causes easier installation, although the component price of this type is expensive [5].Semi-integrated lamp (Figure 1c) tries to overcome both problems that is expensive and complicated installation. Semi-integrated solar street lamp only integrated solar cell, controller, and battery, while lamp is separated using cable. This configuration makes semi integrated lamp cheaper and easier for installation that is suitable for rural area. Therefore, in this paper we develop new type solar street lamp, namely semi-integrated type of solar street lamp. For the measurement of the solar street lamp, the illumination of lamp was measured using lux meter. Furthermore, the power of solar street lamp was calculated to meet the energy needs of the lamp for 12 hours.if solar cells were 100% efficient?Let's jump in. M square meters * (1000 watts/square meter if efficient) * 20% * 6/24 of the day = 1 kilowatt * (1000 watts/kilowatt) That's a lot like M * 1/5 * 1/4 = 1. I would say M is 20. ;)Assuming we found a renewable source of antimatter, would we use annihilation energy indirectly and inefficiently (via water heating), or could we directly harness pure energy, such as emitted photons through something like solar cells?The annihilation would be through particle- antiparticle pairs which would produces pairs of gamma photons. I dont think any attempt has been made to make anything like the equivalent of PV cells for gamma radiation.Using it as a source of thermal energy is ok but the gamma is very penetrating and it may be difficult to absorb the highest energy photons from proton or neutron annihilation. The source of anti mattewr is quite tricky, if a source existed, it would not hang around until you were ready to use it/ you cpoould not piupe it to the preferred location. How much electricity can our best solar cells generate? Can it be stored?the mass produced solar cells are only with 17% efficiency, that means it's convert 17% of the solar energy into electricity. for the other question: the electricity generated by solar cells could be stored in a battery system, it's could be lead acid battery or any other kind batteries.
Visitors After the Baby? 10 Tips for New Parents
Do you feel special when you're pregnant? Well, step aside, Lady, because a baby is here and people love babies.The dilemma that comes with having this little rock star in your home now is that billions of people will want to come visit it. Some will be helpful, some will not.So here are a few handy tips I've picked up along the way so you're able to show your magnificent little miracle off to the world like Simba in The Lion King.Don't let anyone stay with you that you can't cry in front of or you can't tell to "shut up" There may be a few people that offer to stay with you when the baby comes. This can be a Godsend or a sh!tshow. Really think about that person and how much you want them to see behind the curtain. You may be too tired to delicately say, "I know she's not latching properly, but I'm just trying to get the hang of it," and instead say, "See off? You need to f#ck right to it!" Decide carefully about who you want to be around 24/7 when your inner filter isn't working at full capacity.Spread out the visitors.People love to see the baby immediately. That, or they feel obliged to see the baby immediately. Either way, try to spread them out as much as you can so you can get settled and enjoy everyone's company long after the fanfare typically dies down. Try not to book too far in advance either, you seriously may feel great the day after you give birth and feel like a back alley crack whore by week two.Go to people that you think will overstay their welcome -- don't have them come to you Sometimes, this really isn't their fault. I was one of these people before I had kids because I had no idea how tiring a newborn can be. I would sit there gabbing on about some new bar I'd been to while staring into the vacant doll-like eyes of my best friend holding her newborn. I'm sure she wanted to tell me to shut my cake hole and get the hell out of her house, but just didn't have the energy.These are the people you should meet for a coffee or go to their place.First of all, newborns are very portable because they eat, sleep and poop and that's about it, so take advantage of this window when you can cart them anywhere and they don't care. Secondly, it's all on your terms when to pull the chute and you won't have to drop the little hints that go unnoticed. By the way, some of these single people, elderly uncles, etc. are fantastic to be around because they are often just as self-absorbed as a newborn and it's strangely refreshing to talk about something other than babies sometimes.Put them to work Some people are just itching to help when you have a baby and you know what? Let them. These people are like damn border collies and if you don't give them a task, they get destructive and are liable to chew the leg off a chair or worse, start throwing stuff out. Let them do dishes, tidy up, clean the bathroom, take out the garbage, take your other kids to the park, whatever. Don't want them seeing your gross underwear? Throw it in your closet and let them deal with the rest of the pile.Just leave *your* to-do list out and if they ask if they can help, just point them to it and tell them to help themselves if they feel like it. Not everyone is comfortable around babies but really want to help, so give them the satisfaction of doing something for you and just enjoy it and thank them profusely so they don't start installing a sprinkler system.Tag team Remember the first point? That kind of applies to visitors as well. If they aren't the kind of person you can lose it in front of, then have a buffer person with you to entertain or deflect if you need to pull a batsmoke. Just have these people over when your partner, close relative or friend is around in case you need to excuse yourself for an hour to cry on the bed for no particular reason (I did this... twice).Partner plays the bad cop If you think you're second string to the baby, just imagine how your partner feels. This is his chance to shine because I can gua-ran-tee you that there will be some tricky situations when visitors come; like the cousin that announces he's just getting over the flu in passing conversation while holding your 3-day-old infant. Or the great aunt that insists that the baby needs to be brought out in a snow storm to meet her bridge club. Or the nephew that drops by and could "really go for a sandwich." Dad (or partner, or sidekick), it is your job to step up and say, "Oh, hell no." You know why? Because everybody thinks a protective father is cute and everybody thinks a protective mother is nuts, so do everybody a favour and unhinge.This is also a perfect opportunity for an Al Pacino impression.Have them bring food As my friend's Jamaican grandmother used to say, "Don't come wid you two long han". Which loosely translated to don't show up empty-handed. Most visitors like to bring something whether it's a gift, flowers, etc., but food is always such a great thing to receive when you're tired and just learning the ropes with a baby and people are usually more than happy to help. (If you're dealing with people who think you should be honoured with their presence -- see point 3.) Have them pop it over or sit down and share it with them, either way, they get a baby fix and you get some lasagna. I say win-win.Treat it like an Out-of-Office Reply* Sometimes people think it's nice to pop in to see how a new mother is doing if they haven't had an immediate response to a message they left an hour ago. This actually isn't too bad for the people you can tell to "shut up" because you can tell them if it isn't a good time and their feelings won't get hurt. For the rest of the population, it is not cool to arrive unannounced at a new parents front door because there is no telling what kind of Stephen King nightmare is going on that day.To avoid these awkward moments, I like to treat it like a vacation notification. Change your voicemail and your email to let people know you're kind of off the grid. It may seem like a no-brainer to you, but some people feel the need to constantly "check in." Just have an auto-reply that says, "Thanks for your email (call). We're just getting the hang of parenthood so forgive us if it takes a little longer than usual to get back to you. Don't worry, we're just fine and loving every minute of it." I know this may be a little over the top and may feel like the equivalent of adding the dog's name to Christmas cards (I love that actually), but it's an easy way of letting them know they've been heard.*Obviously, if you're alone and live in the woods in wolverine country, disregard this advice and be grateful someone is checking to make sure the cat isn't eating your corpse.Pre-Prep Do you think Aunt Kelly is going to be a problem? Get your responses thought out NOW or start laying the groundwork NOW. If you think she's going to show up on your doorstep the day you give birth then start telling her the story of a co-worker's mother-in-law that showed up the day she gave birth and how awful it was and how you're so lucky that your family just gets that you need a couple of days to settle in. Get an email ready saying, "Aunt Kelly, we can't wait for you to see the new baby! I'm just getting the hang of it so can I give you a call when I come up for air so you can come over and meet her?" then hit *send* when she fires off the first email.Go with the flow Does Aunt Kelly still show up? Does your Mother-in-Law that you've never met fly in from the Ukraine and set herself up on your couch? Does your sister drop in everyday to tell you about the disgusting brunch she had or everything about her wicked pilates instructor?Roll with it and save your energy like a solar street light on a dimming switch. Ask Aunt Kelly to hold the baby while you go have a shower. Say "Diakuju" when your mother-in-law makes dinner, then go lie down with the baby. Tell your sister she needs a f#cking punch in the throat then apologize and blame it on your hormones while savoring the good vent.The best thing you can do with visitors, a new baby, and I suppose life in general, is just roll with it.Even though you are now regarded as the remaining husk that brought this precious, perfect gift into the world -- you will be asked how you feel as a courtesy but no one gives much of a sh!t how you are now, so try not to ramble -- it's still your show, honey. So remember, choose your visitors wisely and enjoy the little star that everyone wants to see shine.
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